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maenads

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Balkan mythology

Balkan mythology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In what are the present-day Balkans, ancient Slavic migrants encountered and at least partly assimilated Albanian-speaking Indo-Europeans, whose linguistic and cultural ancestors are possibly the ...
Chaeremon

Chaeremon  

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A tragic poet active about the middle of the 4th cent. bc. Aristotle, Rhetorica 3. 12=1413b13ff., says that his work was suitable for reading (rather than performance) and that he ...
Dionysus

Dionysus  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Semele; his worship entered Greece from Thrace c.1000 bc. Originally a god of the fertility of nature, associated with wild and ecstatic religious rites, in ...
Lenaea

Lenaea  

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A Dionysiac festival (see dionysus) celebrated in Athens on 12 Gamelion (January–February), which in other Ionian calendars is called Lenaion. The name is derived from lēnē, ‘maenad’. The official ...
maenad

maenad   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
in ancient Greece, a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via Latin from ... More
Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
230 words

ecstatic and frenzied women in Dionysos's retinue, who in their madness dance and devour raw flesh. Allusions to maenads

Maenads

Maenads   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
595 words

Greek poets used the term “maenad” to refer to the mythical female followers of the god Dionysus. The Greek word

maenads

maenads   Reference library

Jan N. Bremmer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
444 words
women inspired to ritual frenzy by *Dionysus. Maenadic rituals took place in the rough mountains of Greece in the heart of winter every second year. Having ceremonially left the city, ... More
Olympias

Olympias  

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Daughter of Neoptolemus of Molossia, married Philip II of Macedon (c.357 bc) and bore him two children, Alexander (2) the Great and Cleopatra. Her husband's last marriage (to Cleopatra, niece of ...
Orpheus

Orpheus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[Di]Greek god, hero of Thrace and in origin perhaps a Thracian king. Son of Apollo he owed his fame to his amazing musical talent. He sang and played the lyre with such art that the savage beasts ...
Pentheus

Pentheus  

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Subject:
Music, Opera
In myth, son of Agavē, daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia, and Echion. Euripides' Bacchae gives the most familiar version of his legend. The disguised Dionysus returns from his conquests in the east to ...
satyr

satyr  

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In Greek mythology, one of a class of lustful, drunken woodland gods. In Greek art they were represented as a man with a horse's ears and tail, but in Roman representations as a man with a goat's ...
Thyia

Thyia  

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(Θυία), apparently the same word as θυιάς, a Bacchante (see Dionysus; maenads). There being a spot so named at Delphi (Herodotus 7. 178. 2), she is occasionally heard of (in Herodotus) as the nymph ...
women in cult

women in cult  

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Women played a prominent part in the public religious life of Greek cities. Most cults of a goddess were served by a priestess rather than a priest, each local sanctuary following its own tradition ...

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