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Jean Mabillon

(1632—1707)

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Acta Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti

Acta Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti  

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Religion
The history of the saints of the Benedictine Order, of which J. Mabillon published the first volume in 1668. It was completed in 1701.Vols. 1–3 (pt. 1) repr. by the Benedictines of Solesmes (Mâcon, ...
Armand-Jean le Bouthillier de Rancé

Armand-Jean le Bouthillier de Rancé  

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Religion
(1626–1700), reformer of la Trappe. A godson of A. J. P. du Richelieu, by 1636 he held five benefices in commendam, including the Cistercian abbey of la Trappe. He led a worldly life until a sudden ...
Bernard de Montfaucon

Bernard de Montfaucon  

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(1655–1741),one of the foremost Maurist patristic scholars. After embarking on a military career he joined the Maurist Benedictine congregation in 1676. He produced splendid editions of St Athanasius ...
Claude Fleury

Claude Fleury  

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Religion
(1640–1723), ecclesiastical historian. From 1689 he was one of the tutors to Louis XIV's grandsons, and after his death (1715) he was chosen as confessor to the young Louis XV. His chief work is his ...
Daniel Papebroch

Daniel Papebroch  

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Religion
(1628–1714)Bollandist hagiographer. In 1659 he became J. Bollandus's assistant and continued till his death to take an active part in the compilation of the Acta Sanctorum, though he was ...
diplomatic

diplomatic  

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The term ‘diplomatic’ can have three different, if related, meanings in a manuscript context.‘Diplomatic’, the term used in this sense from the seventeenth century onwards, is the science or ...
Edmond Martène

Edmond Martène  

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Religion
(1654–1739), Maurist scholar. His main work is the De antiquis ecclesiae ritibus (1700–2), a large collection of liturgical texts, with disquisitions on their historical significance.
Edward Gibbon

Edward Gibbon  

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Literature
(1737–94) [Bi]British politician and historian whose chief academic work focused on the history of Rome. His most famous publication, Decline and fall of the Roman Empire, appeared between 1776 and ...
Henri Leclercq

Henri Leclercq  

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Religion
(1869–1945), Benedictine scholar. A Belgian by birth, from 1914 he lived in London. He was a prolific writer, especially concerned with the history of Latin Christianity; much of his work is ...
Historiography

Historiography  

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Literature
As in other parts of Europe, French historical writing has gone through a number of more or less distinct phases since the Middle Ages, of which it may be useful ...
Introit

Introit  

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Religion
Part of the Proper of the Mass. Initial chant, usually comprising antiphon with one verse and the Gloria patri. Also org. piece which replaces all or part of the sung Introit.
Jean Luc d'Achery

Jean Luc d'Achery  

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Religion
(1609–85),historian and patristic scholar. He was professed at the Maurist abbey at Vendôme in 1632. In 1637 he became librarian of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, where he helped to ...
Lodovico Antonio Muratori

Lodovico Antonio Muratori  

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Literature
(1672–1750), Italian historian and theological scholar. He published a vast corpus of medieval sources of Italian history, Rerum Italicarum Scriptores (25 vols., 1723–51), and an important collection ...
Maurists

Maurists  

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Religion
The Benedictine monks of the Congregation of St-Maur. This was founded in 1618 to represent in France the reform initiated in the Abbey of Saint-Vanne (Lorraine) in 1600; it received Papal approval ...
Ordines Romani

Ordines Romani  

Ancient collections of ceremonial directions for the performance of the Roman rite. The earliest of them date from the 8th to the 10th cents. and are of importance for the history of liturgy.
palaeography

palaeography  

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Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
Pedilavium

Pedilavium  

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Religion
The ceremony of footwashing performed on Maundy Thursday in memory of Christ's action before the Last Supper (Jn. 13). When the Maundy Thursday Mass came to be celebrated in the morning, the ...
Scipione Maffei

Scipione Maffei  

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Literature
(1675–1755), historian. His main historical work centred on his native city of Verona. In 1712 he discovered the Theodosian Collection (q.v.).
St-Germain-des-Prés

St-Germain-des-Prés  

Abbey on the left bank of the Seine founded by Childebert to house relics; consecrated in honour of the Holy Cross and St Vincent by Germanus; became an early royal ...
Suitbert Bäumer

Suitbert Bäumer  

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Religion
(1845–94),liturgical scholar. After studying at Bonn and Tübingen, he took the Benedictine habit at Beuron in 1865. From 1875 to 1890 he was in exile at Maredsous, through the ...

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