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Alcaeus

Alcaeus  

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Greek lyric poet, of Mytilene on Lesbos. Probably b. c.625–620 bc, since he was old enough to participate in the struggle against Athens for Sigeum, in which Pittacus distinguished himself. Lesbian ...
Alcman

Alcman  

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Greek lyric poet, active in the mid‐ to late 7th cent. bc in Sparta. The Suda credits him with six books of lyric songs. Those songs, mostly choral, included maiden‐songs. We also hear of hymns and ...
Alda Merini

Alda Merini  

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Literature
(1931– ).Poet born in Milan, who published her first collection, La presenza di Orfeo, in 1953, but who has achieved most acclaim since Vuoto d'amore (1991). Her poetry is highly ...
Aldo Manuzio

Aldo Manuzio  

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Literature
(c. 1452–1515)was one of the most influential figures in the early history of printing, and his creative innovations have left a permanent mark on printing and publishing. Born in ...
Alessandro Guidi

Alessandro Guidi  

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Literature
(1650–1712).Poet. Born in Pavia, he served Christina of Sweden in Rome from 1685 to her death. In 1691 he entered Arcadia and became its foremost lyric poet and the ...
Alfonso Berardinelli

Alfonso Berardinelli  

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Literature
(1943– ).Un-usually readable critic and occasional poet. In books such as Il critico senza mestiere (1983) and La poesia verso la prosa (1994), he takes issue with the specialization of ...
Anacreon

Anacreon  

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(c. 570–478 bc),Greek lyric poet. The surviving fragments of his work include iambic invectives and elegiac epitaphs, but he is most famous for his poetry written in celebration of love and wine.
Andrea Barbazza

Andrea Barbazza  

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Literature
(1581/2–1656).Aristocrat who occupied senior legal and administrative offices in his native Bologna and was renowned as an expert on questions of honour. His friendship with Marino led him to ...
Angelo Maria Ripellino

Angelo Maria Ripellino  

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Literature
(1923–78)taught Russian language and literature at the University of Rome. An energetic and innovative critic, who at times blurred the boundaries between critical and creative writing, he translated ...
Anglo-Norman

Anglo-Norman  

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Literature
Designating the French language as spoken and written in the British Isles from the Norman Conquest until the 14th cent. It was a western type of French which, transplanted to Britain, developed ...
Annibale Caro

Annibale Caro  

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Literature
(1507–66).Writer, translator, critic, and academician. Born and educated in Civitanova Marche, he moved to Florence in 1525 as tutor to Lorenzo Lenzi, curtailing his own studies but coming into ...
Antonio Caraccio

Antonio Caraccio  

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Literature
(1630–?1702)was a member of the Accademia degli Investiganti in Naples, and a prolific poet who joined the Accademia dell'Arcadia in 1690. His Impero vendicato, published first in 1679 in ...
Antonio da Tempo

Antonio da Tempo  

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Literature
(14th c.)was a Paduan judge, versifier, and author of the first influential treatise on Italian metrical forms, the Summa artis rithimici vulgaris dictaminis (1332). As a North Italian, Antonio ...
Antonio Muscettola

Antonio Muscettola  

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Literature
(1628–79).Neapolitan nobleman and copious writer of lyrics, tragedies, prose discourses, and didactic verse letters. He managed to imitate both Marino and Chiabrera, favouring a mild sententiousness ...
Arnaut Daniel

Arnaut Daniel  

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Literature
(late 12th c.).Provençal Troubadour, acknowledged as the major practitioner of the difficult style (trobar clus). He influences Italian Lyric Poets from the Sicilians to Petrarch. In the rime petrose ...
Asclepiad

Asclepiad  

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Literature
[as‐klee‐pi‐ad]A Greek poetic metre named after Asclepiades of Samos (c.300 bce), although it was used earlier in lyrics and tragedies. It consists of two or three choriambs preceded by a spondee and ...
Attilio Bertolucci

Attilio Bertolucci  

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Literature
(1911–2000).One of the most important poets of the generation after Montale. Born near Parma, he took a degree in literature at Bologna. After university he taught in Parma until ...
ballade

ballade  

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Literature
Strictly a poem consisting of one or more triplets of seven‐ or (afterwards) eight‐lined stanzas, each ending with the same line as refrain, and usually an envoy addressed to a prince or his ...
ballata

ballata  

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Music
(It.).One of poetic forms in It. secular songs of 14th and early 15th cents., the others being madrigal and caccia.
Bartolomeo di Castel Della Pieve

Bartolomeo di Castel Della Pieve  

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Literature
(later 14th c.).Umbrian schoolmaster and minor poet. He lived an impoverished wandering life in Lombardy, Emilia, and Tuscany, but was respected as a literary figure. His seventeen surviving poems ...

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