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Martin Luther

(1483—1546) German Protestant theologian

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Ablaßkram

Ablaßkram  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The sale of indulgences, an ecclesiastical practice which had existed for centuries before Luther, but increased enormously in the late 15th c., degenerating into a mere means of raising revenue. ...
accident

accident  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Aristotelian metaphysics an accident is a property of a thing which is no part of the essence of the thing: something it could lose or have added without ceasing to be the same thing or the same ...
Accolti family

Accolti family  

The Arezzo family of the Accolti produced jurists, churchmen, and writers for centuries. The family had already produced several distinguished jurists when Benedetto Accolti ‘il Vecchio’ (1415–66) ...
Adolf Hausrath

Adolf Hausrath  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Karlsruhe, 1837–1909, Heidelberg),a professor at Heidelberg from 1870, wrote a number of novels based on archaeological study, and known as Professorenromane; the best-known titles are Antinous ...
Albert of Brandenburg

Albert of Brandenburg  

(1490–1545), elector of the Holy Roman Empire, archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg, and administrator of Halberstadt.He was the younger son (b. 28 June 1490) of John Cicero, elector of ...
Albert of Prussia

Albert of Prussia  

(1490–1568). The last Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and first Hohenzollern Duke of Prussia. He was converted to Protestantism and in 1525 succeeded in making Prussia a hereditary duchy. A strict ...
Albert Pighi

Albert Pighi  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(c.1490–1542), Dutch Catholic theologian. His main work, Hierarchiae Ecclesiasticae Assertio (1538), was an elaborate defence of tradition as a source of Christian truth co-ordinate with Scripture; ...
Alexander Alesius

Alexander Alesius  

(1500–65),alternatively ‘Aless’ or ‘Alane’, Scottish Lutheran divine. A native of Edinburgh, he studied at St Andrews, where he became a canon. Selected in 1527 to confute Patrick Hamilton, who ...
Anabaptists

Anabaptists  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The doctrine that baptism should only be administered to believing adults, held by a radical Protestant sect which emerged during the 1520s and 1530s, following the ideas of reformers such as ...
Andreas Hartmann

Andreas Hartmann  

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Subject:
Literature
An ecclesiastical administrator active in Dresden in the late 16th c., is the author of a play, Martin Luther (1600). It was intended as the first part of a trilogy ...
Andreas Osiander

Andreas Osiander  

(1496/8–1552),German Protestant reformer, born in Gunzenhausen (near Nuremberg) on 19 December 1496 (or 1498); his baptismal name was Heiligmann or Hosemann. He studied at Leipzig, Altenburg, and ...
Anna Bijns

Anna Bijns  

(1493–1575),Flemish poet, born in Antwerp, where she worked as a teacher; she remained a Catholic, and may have been a lay nun. She published three collections of poems (1528 ...
Antichrist

Antichrist  

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Subject:
Religion
A great personal opponent of Christ, expected by the early Church to appear before the end of the world. The name is recorded from Old English and comes via Old French or ecclesiastical Latin from ...
antinomian

antinomian  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
One who maintains, through a misreading of arguments in Paul's Epistles, that the moral law is not binding upon Christians under the law of grace. The term was coined by ...
antinomianism

antinomianism  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Religion
The belief held by various sects, but particularly by radical protestant movements of the 16th and 17th centuries, that certain chosen Christians are by faith or by predestination unable to sin, and ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
Apollos

Apollos  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A ‘learned’ Jew of Alexandria, apparently already a Christian, though ‘knowing only the baptism of John [the Baptist]’ (Acts 18: 24–5). M. Luther and others have argued that he was the author of the ...
Articles of Schwabach

Articles of Schwabach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1529), the first of the Lutheran Confessions. The seventeen Articles were based on those considered and, with one exception, adopted at the Colloquy of Marburg.
atonement

atonement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Reparation, in Christian belief the reconciliation of God and mankind through Jesus Christ. The word comes (in the early 16th century, denoting unity or reconciliation, especially between God and ...
attrition

attrition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The sorrow for sin which proceeds from the fear of punishment or a sense of the ugliness of sin. It is contrasted with contrition, which is held to proceed from the love of God.

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