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György Lukács

(1885—1971)

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Anna Seghers

Anna Seghers  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(Mainz, 1900–83, Berlin),pseudonym of Netti Radványi, née Reiling, and the name by which she is publicly known. She studied history, Sinology, philology, and history of art in Heidelberg and ...
commodity

commodity  

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A standardized good, which is traded in bulk and whose units are interchangeable. Commodities are mostly the output of the primary sector, that is, agriculture and mining, or semi-processed products. ...
commodity fetishism

commodity fetishism  

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The mistaken view that the value of a commodity is intrinsic and the corresponding failure to appreciate the investment of labour that went into its production. Karl Marx created this term, borrowing ...
critical theory

critical theory  

1. Theories associated with the neo-Marxist Frankfurt school which involve the ideological analysis of society and culture. Influenced by Marxist theory and Freudian psychoanalytic theory.2. Any ...
dialectic

dialectic  

The method of reasoning that proceeds by question and answer and logical argument, famously illustrated by the dialogues of Socrates (470–399bce) as recorded by Plato (c.428–347bce). Teaching of ...
dialectical materialism

dialectical materialism  

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Philosophy
The dominant philosophical strain of Marxism, combining materialism as an embracing philosophy of nature and science, with the Hegelian notion of dialectic as a historical force, driving events ...
Ernst Bloch

Ernst Bloch  

(1885–1977)GermanMarxist philosopher, social critic and utopianist. Bloch was born in the industrial town of Ludwigshafen. His father was an assimilated Jew of modest means who worked as an official ...
everyday life

everyday life  

See also lived experience.1. Daily activities in the social world, and the field of enquiry for which this forms a focus.2. The realm of social life, the traditional focus of anthropology and ...
false consciousness

false consciousness  

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A Marxist concept, referring to thinking that confirms human servitude, rather than emancipating the species essence. It refers to the purpose served by thought in the collective life of humanity. ...
Fredric Jameson

Fredric Jameson  

(1934–)Marxist cultural critic. Born in Cleveland Ohio, Jameson was educated at Haverford College and Yale University. He is renowned for his landmark essay, ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of ...
G. W. F. Hegel

G. W. F. Hegel  

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Philosophy
(1770–1831)German philosopher. He is especially known for his three-stage process of dialectical reasoning (set out in his Science of Logic, 1812–16), which underlies his idealist concepts of ...
Georg Simmel

Georg Simmel  

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(1858–1918)German writer and together with Weber one of the principal founders of sociology as a distinct discipline. A cosmopolitan, Simmel studied at Berlin, where he continued to teach, unpaid, ...
Henri Lefebvre

Henri Lefebvre  

(1901–91)French*Marxistphilosopher and sociologist. Lefebvre published 70 books in his lifetime on an incredibly wide array of topics, and is generally regarded as one of the great theoreticians of ...
humanism

humanism  

[De]A philosophy or ethical system that centres on the concept of the dignity, freedom, and value of human beings. The belief that there is an essential human condition that emerges regardless of ...
ideology

ideology  

Any wide-ranging system of beliefs, ways of thought, and categories that provide the foundation of programmes of political and social action: an ideology is a conceptual scheme with a practical ...
Johannes Robert Becher

Johannes Robert Becher  

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Literature
(Munich, 1891–1958, Berlin),the son of a Bavarian judge, revolted in adolescence against his upper-middle-class environment, and, while studying medicine and philosophy in Berlin, Munich, and Jena, ...
Karl Korsch

Karl Korsch  

(1886–1961)German*Marxist philosopher, Korsch was born in Tostedt, near Hamburg. Korsch's family were from peasant stock, although his father held a white-collar job in a bank. He attended ...
Karl Marx

Karl Marx  

(1818–83)German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849. The founder of modern communism, he collaborated with Engels in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848). ...
Klaus Mann

Klaus Mann  

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Literature
(Munich, 1906–49, by suicide, Cannes),in full Heinrich Klaus Mann, a son of Th. Mann, worked as a dramatic critic and advisor (Dramaturg) in Berlin, where he collaborated for a ...
Louis Althusser

Louis Althusser  

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(1918–1990)French Marxist philosopher, whose writings were widely influential in continental philosophy until he was declared insane.Born near Algiers, Althusser studied philosophy at the École ...

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