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Louis VIII

(1187—1226)

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Angevins of Naples

Angevins of Naples  

The Angevins of Naples, princes of French royal blood, were two successive families from Anjou, who ruled the kingdom of Naples in the late Middle Ages. It officially kept the ...
Battle of Dover

Battle of Dover  

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King John of England died suddenly in October 1216, leaving the English crown in a perilous position. The rebel lords who had compelled John to agree to the Magna Carta ...
battle of Sandwich

battle of Sandwich  

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1217.After suffering considerable losses at the battle of Lincoln (May 1217), Prince Louis of France sent home for further reinforcements in his bid to become king of England. King Henry III's ...
Blanche of Castile

Blanche of Castile  

(1188–1252)Wife of King Louis VIII of France. Daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she married Louis in 1200. She supported him on his expedition to ...
Charles I of Anjou

Charles I of Anjou  

(1226–85)King of Naples and Sicily (1266–85), son of Louis VIII of France. He acquired Provence by marriage in 1246. Pope Urban IV was under severe threat from the Hohenstaufens and gave him the ...
Lily

Lily  

Armorial bearings became usual in the West in the course of the 12th c. because the transformations of military equipment made it difficult for combatants to be identified. For the ...
Louis IX

Louis IX  

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(1214–70),king of France. Born at Poissy, the son of Louis VIII and the half-English Blanche of Castile, Louis reigned from his father's death in 1226, but his mother was regent during his minority. ...
Simon de Montfort

Simon de Montfort  

(c.1150–1218)Simon de Montfort was an important lord of the Yvelines, on the margins of the royal domain, allied to the Montmorency through his wife and called earl of Leicester ...

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