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Alain Locke

(1886—1954)

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Aaron Douglas

Aaron Douglas  

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Overview Page
(1899–1979).Painter. A leader of the Harlem Renaissance, he led the way for African-American artists to employ explicitly black themes, fostering a resurgence of racial pride in black art. Born in ...
African Aesthetics

African Aesthetics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In academic (Western) scholarship, the systematic study of indigenous African aesthetic criteria really just began during the last decades of the twentieth century. Prior to then, the kinds of ...
African American art

African American art  

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Term designating art made by Americans of African descent. Compounding the record of neglect that has marked other aspects of American history, the work of black artists has often been excluded from ...
Angelina Weld Grimké

Angelina Weld Grimké  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1880–1958), poet, playwright, essayist, and short fiction writer of the Harlem Renaissance.Although Angelina Weld Grimké's writings appeared in many leading publications of the Harlem Renaissance, ...
Anne Spencer

Anne Spencer  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1882–1975), poet, librarian, community activist,and muse and confidante to Harlem Renaissance intellectuals and literati. Anne Spencer was born inauspiciously on a Virginia plantation. Yet the ...
Black Aesthetic

Black Aesthetic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The foundations of the black aesthetic can be traced back to the nineteenth century and to a tradition of earlier writings, social and cultural movements, and literary manifestos extending into ...
Claude McKay

Claude McKay  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1890–1948),black author, emigrated from his native Jamaica to the U.S. (1912). His books include Songs of Jamaica (1912) and Harlem Shadows (1922), poems; and the virile novels, Home to Harlem ...
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1825–1911),only child of free black parents, gave her time and energy to the people of her race: Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects (1854), geared to antislavery ideas; The Martyr of ...
Frank Marshall Davis

Frank Marshall Davis  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1905–1987), poet, journalist, and autobiographer.During the Depression and World War II, Frank Marshall Davis was arguably one of the most distinctive poetic voices confronting W. E. B Du Bois's ...
Gay Literature

Gay Literature  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Gay writing was an important element of the Harlem Renaissance. Gay and bisexual men—such as Alain Locke, Countee Cullen, Wallace Thurman, Richard Bruce Nugent, Langston Hughes, and Claude McKay—were ...
Georgia Douglas Johnson

Georgia Douglas Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1886–1966),African-American poet, born in Atlanta, Georgia, where she was educated at the University. After teaching in Alabama, she moved to Washington, DC in 1909 and subsequently served with ...
Gwendolyn Bennett

Gwendolyn Bennett  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1902–1981), poet, short-story writer, columnist, journalist, illustrator, graphic artist, arts educator, teacher and administrator on the New York City Works Progress Administration Federal Arts ...
Haitian Renaissance

Haitian Renaissance  

The phrase “Haitian Renaissance” (renaissance haïtienne) is rare in Haitian studies and mostly unfamiliar to Francophone scholars. However, the term is implicit in Art in Latin America Today: Haiti ...
Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A notable phase of black American writing centred in Harlem (a predominantly black area of New York City) in the 1920s. Announced by Alain Locke's anthology The New Negro (1925), the movement ...
Houston A. Baker

Houston A. Baker  

(1943– ),African-American critic, born in Louisville, Kentucky, educated at Howard University and UCLA; amongst other academic posts, he was appointed Professor of English at the University of ...
Howard University

Howard University  

Howard University—dubbed in its early years as “the capstone of Negro education”—was incorporated in 1867 to provide education for young men and women of any race but especially for freeborn ...
Jessie Redmon Fauset

Jessie Redmon Fauset  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1882–1961),born in New Jersey of a long-established family of free blacks, was probably the first black woman to become a member of Phi Beta Kappa, upon her graduation from Cornell (1905). After ...
Josiah Royce

Josiah Royce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1855–1916)The leading American absolute idealist. Royce studied under Lotze in Germany, and taught at Harvard from 1892. He was a friend of James, and probably represents much of what James was ...
Marita Bonner Occomy

Marita Bonner Occomy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1899–1971), dramatist, short story writer, and essayist.Occomy epitomized the creative furor and passion of her era, the Harlem Renaissance. Highly creative, her works were published and praised in ...
New Negro

New Negro  

An anthology edited by Alain Locke, The New Negro was hailed immediately upon its publication in 1925 as a highly significant exemplar of the burgeoning creativity that came first to be known as the ...

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