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Joan Littlewood

(1914—2002) theatre director and writer

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Albery family

Albery family  

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Theatrical dynasty founded by James Albery (1838–89), a successful playwright and adapter of plays from the French. (His record-breaking Pink Dominos, 1877, was being revived well into the twentieth ...
Barney Simon

Barney Simon  

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(1933–95)South African director and playwright. In the 1970s Simon worked in Zululand and the Transkei running workshops. With Mannie Manim he formed the Company and the Market Theatre, which ...
Brendan Behan

Brendan Behan  

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Literature
(1923–64),Irish playwright, was arrested in 1939 for his involvement with the IRA, and his subsequent period of Borstal training is described in his autobiographical Borstal Boy (1958). His ...
choreography

choreography  

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Music
(1) The system of describing dances, esp. in ballet, by signs for the steps, written alongside the melodies. An early method was Arbeau's, described in his Orchésographie (1588–9). The term ...
clown

clown  

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In Elizabethan days a composite comic character, who might be a simpleton, a knave, or a Court Jester. Shakespeare provides examples of all three with Costard in Love's Labour's Lost ...
Ewan MacColl

Ewan MacColl  

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Music
(1915–89).Born as Jimmy Miller in Salford, of Scottish parents, Ewan MacColl was one of the key architects of the post-war folk-song revival, and a dominant but controversial figure in its ...
Henry Livings

Henry Livings  

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(b. Prestwich, Lancs, 20 Sept. 1929; d. Oldham, Lancs, 20 Feb. 1998)Playwright. Livings acted with, among others, Theatre Workshop before turning to writing plays which bore the marks of ...
John Bury

John Bury  

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(1925–2000)English scenographer. After the war he joined Littlewood's Theatre Workshop, designing and constructing scenery and driving the van. His groundbreaking designs there included Delaney's A ...
Julius Háy

Julius Háy  

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(b. Abony, Hungary, 5 May 1900; d. Ascona, Switzerland, 7 May 1975)Playwright; a major European figure. After the defeat of the Hungarian Commune in 1919 he lived in Germany ...
Karl Kraus

Karl Kraus  

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Literature
(1874–1936).Viennese playwright, poet, and satirist, best known as publisher of Die Fackel (The Torch), a fiercely independent journal of social, political, and cultural criticism that created a ...
Kenneth Tynan

Kenneth Tynan  

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Literature
(1927–80),dramatic critic, educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. He wrote for various papers, most influentially for the Observer (1954–63), and championed the plays of Osborne, Wesker, Delaney, ...
La Celestina

La Celestina  

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Literature
The most important literary work of 15th-century Spain, published anonymously but now known to be the work of Fernando de Rojas (c.1465–1541), a Spanish novelist. Its eponymous character is an ...
Lionel Bart

Lionel Bart  

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Overview Page
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Music
(1930–1999),English lyricist and composer who helped to revive English musical comedy after a long period of American domination. His first work, Fings Ain't Wot They Used T' Be (1959) ...
Manchester

Manchester  

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Literature
An industrial city in northern England.Manchester Martyrs three Fenians, William O'Meara Allen, Michael Larkin, and William O'Brien, who were hanged at Manchester in 1867, for their part in the ...
Peter Shaffer

Peter Shaffer  

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(1926– ),playwright. His first play, Five Finger Exercise (1958), was followed by many other successes, including The Royal Hunt of the Sun (1964, pub. 1965), an epic about the conquest of Peru; ...
Pierrot

Pierrot  

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A stock male character in French pantomime, usually played as a sentimental lovesick youth with a sad white-painted face, a loose white costume with a neck ruff, and a pointed hat. The character ...
political theatre

political theatre  

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Conscious use of the theatre to make political statements. It probably began when actors made political propaganda in factories during the Russian Revolution. With notable exceptions (such as Nazi ...
Rudolf Laban

Rudolf Laban  

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(1879–1958)German choreographer, dance theorist, and educator. Laban was a key influence upon European modernist dance in the 1920s and 1930s. His schools in Germany emphasized improvisation and ...
Sean Kenny

Sean Kenny  

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(1932–73)Irish designer who first worked in London with Joan Littlewood on The Hostage (1958) and Lindsay Anderson on The Lily-White Boys (1960), and ultimately designed over 35 West End ...
Shelagh Delaney

Shelagh Delaney  

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Literature
(1939–2011),playwright, is known for A Taste of Honey, written when she was 17. It was presented by Joan Littlewood in 1958 and was hailed as a landmark in the new school of ‘kitchen sink’ realism, a ...

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