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Literary Theory

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A. S. Byatt

A. S. Byatt  

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Literature
(1936– )Novelist and critic, born in Sheffield, and educated at the Mount School, York, and Newnham College, Cambridge. Her first novel, Shadow of a Sun (1964), describes a woman attempting ...
Angelo Ingegneri

Angelo Ingegneri  

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(1550–1613)Italian poet and dramatist who led a peripatetic life at a variety of Italian courts. He was a member of the Olympian Academy in Vicenza, for whom he directed ...
Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci  

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Literature
(1891–1937)Italian intellectual and founder of the Italian Communist Party.Born in Alès, Sardinia, Gramsci was educated at the University of Turin, where he studied history and philosophy. As a ...
Antonio Minturno

Antonio Minturno  

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Literature
(d. 1579),Italian literary theorist. He was born in Traetto and moved in 1521 to Rome, where he pursued a clerical career in which he was to become bishop of ...
Ars dictaminis

Ars dictaminis  

The ars dictaminis is the variety of medieval rhetoric that provided instruction in the composition of letters and other epistolary documents. Between 1077 and 1085, Alberic of Monte Cassino produced ...
Bernardino Daniello

Bernardino Daniello  

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Literature
(c. 1500–65).Literary critic and occasional writer of verse in the Petrarchan mould. He belonged to the circle of young intellectuals around Trifon Gabriele and Pietro Bembo in Padua after ...
Bernardino Partenio

Bernardino Partenio  

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Literature
(d.1589),contributed to one of the most important literary debates of the 16th c. with his Della imitazione poetica (1560). It deals exclusively with imitation in the older, Ciceronian sense ...
Bernardo Tasso

Bernardo Tasso  

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Literature
(c.1493–1569),Italian poet, a native of Salerno who entered the service of Ferrante Sanseverino, prince of Salerno; in 1552 he followed Sanseverino into exile in Rome. In 1557 he moved ...
Coluccio Salutati

Coluccio Salutati  

(1331–1406),Influential Italian humanist. He was born in Stignano in Florentine territory near Lucca (Valdinievole), and spent his youth in Bologna, where his family lived in exile. From 1375 until ...
De vulgari eloquentia

De vulgari eloquentia  

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Literature
*Dante’s uncompleted linguistic treatise (c.1303–05). It surveys the origins and history of human language and linguistic diversity within contemporary Italy. It also sets out proposals for an ...
Divina Commedia

Divina Commedia  

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Literature
The great work of Dante, comprising the Inferno, the Purgatorio, and the Paradiso, in terza rima.The Inferno is a description of Hell, conceived as a graduated conical funnel, to the successive ...
Edmund Gosse

Edmund Gosse  

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Literature
Edmund Gosse (1849–1928) was the most influential arbiter of taste during the last two decades of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth. Through readable essays ...
Emanuele Tesauro

Emanuele Tesauro  

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Literature
(1592–1675)was the most important Baroque literary theorist in Italy. Born in Turin and educated by the Jesuits, whose order he entered in 1611, he studied theology at Naples and ...
enthusiasm

enthusiasm  

Term used pejoratively, especially in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, for irrational and disturbed states of religious fervour, especially as found among Puritans, evangelicals, and ...
epic

epic  

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Literature
A long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the past history of a nation. The word comes via Latin from Greek ...
F. R. Leavis

F. R. Leavis  

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Literature
(1895–1978)British literary critic and university teacher. He was made a CH in 1978.Leavis was educated at Cambridge, first at the Perse School and then at Emmanuel College, where he taught from ...
Francesco De Sanctis

Francesco De Sanctis  

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Literature
(1817–83).Literary critic and one of the truly great Italian intellectuals. Born at Morra Irpina, he began his teaching career at Naples as early as 1835, and took part in ...
Francesco Robortello

Francesco Robortello  

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Literature
(1516–67).humanist literary theorist and commentator. Born in Udine, he studied at Bologna and subsequently taught eloquence at Pisa and other Northern universities. His historical and philological ...
freemasonry

freemasonry  

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History
Originated in Scotland around 1600, as a blend of medieval and Renaissance mysticism. It expanded rapidly in the 18th century, adapting itself to Enlightenment rationality and catering for the ...
Gabriele Zinani

Gabriele Zinani  

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Literature
(1564/5– after 1634)studied in Ferrara with Cremonini and Francesco Patrizi the Elder before travelling for long periods. Amongst his friends were Torquato Tasso, Marino, and Angelo Grillo. He was ...

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