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accommodation

accommodation  

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n. adjustment of the shape of the lens to change the focus of the eye. When the ciliary muscle (see ciliary body) is relaxed, suspensory ligaments attached to the ciliary body and holding the lens in ...
Adjunction

Adjunction  

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Linguistics
In the theory of generative grammar, transformations are said to map phrase markers into other phrase markers. Transformational operations are composed of elementary operations of permutation, ...
advertising discourse

advertising discourse  

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Media studies
1. In linguistics and discourse analysis, the ways in which different forms of language and various linguistic (and sometimes also visual and aural) techniques—are deployed within the advertising ...
Aelius Donatus

Aelius Donatus  

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(4th century),Roman grammarian. The Ars Grammatica, containing his treatises on Latin grammar, was the sole textbook used in schools in the Middle Ages.
Alexandrian Grammarians

Alexandrian Grammarians  

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Linguistics
A group of scholars associated with the Library at Alexandria in Egypt from its foundation in the 3rd century BCE to around the 5th century CE. They were interested in ...
Apollonius Dyscolus

Apollonius Dyscolus  

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Greek grammarian, working in Alexandria in the 2nd century CE.His work on syntax was very influential.See also History of Linguistics, article on Ancient Greece and Rome.Anna Morpurgo Davies[...]
articulation

articulation  

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Media studies
1. In oral communication, control of the voice so as to produce clear and distinct sounds in speech.2. (semiotics) Structural levels within semiotic codes—which are divisible into those with single ...
August Schleicher

August Schleicher  

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Linguistics
Schleicher was born on 19 February 1821 at Meiningen in Thuringia, and died on 6 December 1868 at Jena, without having reached his forty-eighth birthday. As a student he had ...
Benjamin Lee Whorf

Benjamin Lee Whorf  

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Linguistics
(1897–1941). Whorf was born in Winthrop, Massachusetts, and died in Hartford, Connecticut.He studied chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He spent the rest of his ...
Chrysippus

Chrysippus  

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(c.280–207 bc)The third leading Stoic after Cleanthes, and possibly the most productive philosopher of all time, having written 705 books, none of which survive (however, ancient books were ...
collocation

collocation  

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Media studies
1. In linguistics (lexicology), the recurrent and predictable co-presence of individual words in conventional usage: as in idioms such as ‘neat and tidy’ (Firth). Words routinely found closely ...
communication

communication  

The result of any action (physical, written, or verbal) that conveys meanings between two individuals. In the context of marketing, the marketer wants the communication, in the form of a promotional ...
communicative competence

communicative competence  

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Media studies
A speaker's knowledge of sociolinguistic rules, norms, and conventions for a particular language. The concept derives from Hymes. It is broader than Chomsky's purely grammatical notion of linguistic ...
competence

competence  

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The ability to perform to a specified standard. The introduction of competence‐based vocational qualifications, which was signalled in the 1981 White Paper A New Training Initiative, brought with it ...
connotation

connotation  

See also surplus meaning; compare denotation1. In linguistics and literary theory, a ‘secondary’ (often emotional) meaning (or a range of associations) evoked by a word beyond its explicit denotation ...
cuneiform

cuneiform  

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Linguistics
Denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets. The name comes ultimately (via ...
deep structure

deep structure  

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1. (deep grammar) In linguistics, following Chomsky, a fundamental abstract level of grammatical organization underlying the surface structure of sentences, which are generated by applying ...
deixis

deixis  

A term used in linguistics to denote those aspects of an utterance that refer to and depend upon the situation in which the utterance is made. Deictic words indicate the situational ‘co-ordinates’ of ...
design features

design features  

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Media studies
(linguistics) A set of key properties of human language that collectively distinguish it from systems of communication used by other species (Hockett). These include: a vocal/auditory channel (see ...
Dialectology

Dialectology  

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Subject:
Linguistics
One branch of linguistics that deals with the nature and distribution of variation in language is known as dialectology. It has not been easy to define “dialect” or to distinguish ...

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