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abbreviation

abbreviation  

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The Web and the Internet float on a flood of abbreviations. They are often used to save time when posting to a newsgroup or writing an email. This dictionary contains most of the common abbreviations ...
alphabet, printer's

alphabet, printer's  

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Set of types kept in upper case, lower case, and small capitals within a fount. It originally excluded j (represented by i), u (represented by v), and w (represented by ...
Arabic type

Arabic type  

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Arabic script is essentially cursive, with most letters of the alphabet joined to the preceding letter in a word, and many to the following one as well. This often involves ...
Armenian MS book

Armenian MS book  

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Armenia accepted Christianity as its state religion around 314, but Greek and Syriac were used as the languages of instruction and the liturgy until Mesrop Mashtots’ invented the Armenian alphabet ...
Claude Garamond

Claude Garamond  

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(d. 1561)French typefounder, noted for his elegant roman types, inspired by one cut for Aldus Manutius in 1495, and for his ‘Grecs du roi’, the Greek type he cut for Francis I for use by Estienne, ...
cursive

cursive  

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Written with the characters joined. The term dates from the late 18th century, and comes via medieval Latin from Latin curs- ‘run’.
diphthong

diphthong  

Any complex vowel sound comprising a glide from one vowel sound to another within a single syllable, with movement of the tongue between the two sounds. In Received Pronunciation there are three ...
epigraphy

epigraphy  

The term “epigraphy”comes from the Greek epigráphein, “to write on”. It designates what is written to be brought to public knowledge in a lasting way. To ensure this publicity, inscriptions ...
Glagolitic type

Glagolitic type  

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Glagolitic printing—printing using the ancient Slavonic alphabet—began with the 1483 missal (variously ascribed to Venice or Kosinj), continuing into the 19th century. It served the Croatian Roman ...
Greek type

Greek type  

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Although no printing occurred in Greece itself until the war of independence in 1821, the importance of Greek for classical and biblical texts (and as a living language) ensured that ...
half-uncial script

half-uncial script  

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This script—used in antiquity (in developed form from the 4th century) and the early Middle Ages—was derived, like uncial, from roman cursive minuscule. Unlike uncial, it is a four-line minuscule ...
logography

logography  

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[Gk. logos, ‘word’]The casting of two or more letters as a single piece of type (a logotype, or slug), used for syllables (prefixes and suffixes), words, or even lines. ...
minuscule

minuscule  

Of or in a small cursive script of the Roman alphabet, with ascenders and descenders, developed in the 7th century ad. The name comes (in the early 18th century) via French from Latin minuscula ...
palaeography

palaeography  

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Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
spelling

spelling  

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Spelling, or orthography, is one of the most salient features of any old manuscript, since writers and scribes may use a variety of different forms. It is not unusual, particularly ...

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