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ad-Din Khayr

ad-Din Khayr  

?–1546 Sixteenth-century corsair and Ottoman regent of the Maghreb, also called Barbarossa or Red Beard.Though some histories remember the man whose birth name was Khidr as Khayr ad-Din, the ...
Aristides Pereira

Aristides Pereira  

1924–First president of the Republic of Cape Verde, from 1975 to 1991.Aristides Pereira grew up on the island of Boa Vista in Cape Verde. After completing school, he trained ...
Attitudes toward Blacks in the Ancient Mediterranean World

Attitudes toward Blacks in the Ancient Mediterranean World  

Who were “blacks” in the ancient Mediterranean world and where did they live? Ancient written and artistic (iconographical) evidence provides copious information about people with physical types that ...
Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaim

Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaim  

Bedouin ethnic groups that migrated into North Africa.In the eleventh century the Banu Hilal and the Banu Sulaim, Arabic-speaking nomadic tribes originally from the central Arabian plateau, began to ...
Bedouin

Bedouin  

A nomadic Arab of the desert; the word comes (via Old French) from Arabic badawīn ‘dwellers in the desert’, from badw ‘desert’.
Berber

Berber  

An indigenous person of northern and north-western Africa. Traditionally, the Berbers speak Berber languages, although most literate Berbers also speak Arabic. The Berbers are Sunni Muslims, and ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Cape Verde

Cape Verde  

A country comprising an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, 563 km (350 miles) westof Cape Verde Peninsula, Senegal, the most westerly point of Africa.Physical.The archipelago is ...
Carthage

Carthage  

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An ancient city on the coast of North Africa near present-day Tunis. Founded by the Phoenicians c.814 bc, Carthage became a major force in the Mediterranean, and came into conflict with Rome in the ...
Chad

Chad  

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History
Chad has had decades of civil war, and is still subject to many rebellions. Its future could be transformed by oilChad's territory forms a basin centred on Lake Chad on the western border. The ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

There has been a Christian presence on the African continent for nearly as long as people have considered themselves followers of Jesus Christ. Missionaries and traders have been credited for ...
Colonialism

Colonialism  

Policies, problems, and legacies of European colonial rule in Africa, which began in the late nineteenth century and lasted until the 1960s.European colonization of Africa followed a long history ...
Dorieus

Dorieus  

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‘the Dorian’, royal Spartan, a younger half-brother of Cleomenes (1) I by their polygamous father's first wife. Jealousy, ambition, and disaffection prompted him to lead a colonizing expedition (only ...
Eritrea

Eritrea  

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea.Physical.Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. It is very hot and ...
Euphemus

Euphemus  

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An Argonaut, son of Poseidon, connected with the foundation legend of Cyrene. According to Pindar (Pythian Odes 4, cf. Apollonius Rhodius 4. 1730–64) he was given a clod of earth ...
Explorers in Africa since 1800

Explorers in Africa since 1800  

Foreigners who traveled to sub-Saharan Africa after 1800 to investigate its geography and peoples.Building on the work of earlier explorers, European explorers of Africa after 1800 provided ...
Foreign Incursions

Foreign Incursions  

Egypt suffered intrusions from abroad many times during its long history, from the Hyksos, the Sea Peoples, and the Libyans, Nubians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. Most of these times ...
Green Book

Green Book  

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Six years after he led a coup d'état in Libya overthrowing the ruling monarchy, Muammar al-Qaddafi summarized the ideological tenets of his revolution in a series of three short volumes ...
Idi Amin

Idi Amin  

(b. West Nile, Uganda, 1925; d. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 16 Aug. 2003)Ugandan; army commander 1966–71, head of state 1971–9 A member of the Kakwa ethnic group from north-west Uganda, Idi Amin Dada ...
Jean-Baptiste Bagaza

Jean-Baptiste Bagaza  

1946– Senior army officer and president of Burundi.Jean-Baptiste Bagaza held power in the Central African nation of Burundi during years when conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups ...

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