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Abbey of Savigny

Abbey of Savigny  

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and the abbey ...
abbot of Reichenau Bern(o) Augiensis

abbot of Reichenau Bern(o) Augiensis  

(r. 1008–48) Music theorist and liturgist.His Prologus in tonarium (also called ‘Musica Bernonis’), compiled between 1021 and 1036, was a popular textbook, widely distributed throughout the 11th and ...
abbreviator

abbreviator  

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Religion
A former official of the Roman chancery, whose principal duty was the preparation of letters and writs for the collation of Church dignities. He was so named from the excessive abbreviations employed ...
acolyte

acolyte  

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Religion
The first in rank of the two Lesser Ministries in the RC Church. Until 1972 acolytes formed one of the four Minor Orders. First mentioned c.251, they were specially dedicated to the service of the ...
acts of bishops

acts of bishops  

Bishops' acts refer to the texts (charters, letters) issued by bishops whether or not through the intermediary of an episcopal chancery. The earliest acts are testaments, by which are designated ...
Adalbero of Laon

Adalbero of Laon  

(c.947–1030)Politically active bishop of Laon (r. 977–1030). Adalbero is notorious for betraying Charles of Lorraine, the last Carolingian claimant to the throne, whom he turned over to Hugh Capet ...
Adam Marsh

Adam Marsh  

(died 1259)Franciscan scholar, died 18 Nov 1259. A pupil and friend of Robert Grosseteste, he was a master of arts when he took the Franciscan habit in 1232. He ...
Adam of Perseigne

Adam of Perseigne  

(d. 1221)*Cistercian abbot of Perseigne (1188–1221), near Alençon. Adam is best known as a spiritual writer of over 200 sermons and 35 letters. He helped preach the Fourth Crusade and conferred with ...
Adoptianism

Adoptianism  

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Religion
1 The heresy, originating in Spain in the 8th cent., according to which Christ, in His humanity, is not the true, but only the adopted, Son of God. Elipandus, Abp. of Toledo, arguing against ...
Æthelbert

Æthelbert  

(d. 616),king of Kent (560–616), was the king who welcomed the Christian missionaries led by St Augustine to England in 597. He exercised overlordship over all the English peoples south of the ...
Agnes of Bohemia

Agnes of Bohemia  

Foundress and first abbess of the Franciscan (poor Clare) nuns (d. c.1282). A descendant of Duke Wenceslaus, daughter of Ottokar I king of Bohemia and his Hungarian royal wife, Agnes from early ...
Agobard

Agobard  

(c.769–840), Abp. of Lyons from 816. He was a versatile scholar. He attacked the excessive veneration of images, trial by ordeal, and belief in witchcraft. He also wrote against the Adoptionist views ...
Aldhelm

Aldhelm  

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History
(c. 639–709)was one of the most learned men of his time. Thought to be related to West Saxon kings and educated at Malmesbury under the Irish scholar Maildubh, he also studied briefly at the ...
Alexander III

Alexander III  

(d. 1181), Pope from 1159. After his election, an antipope (Victor IV) was immediately set up and supported by the Emp. Frederick I. During the 17-year schism, Alexander lived mainly in France. Here ...
Alvaro of Cordova

Alvaro of Cordova  

(9th c.)Alvaro was the most illustrious figure, along with his fellow disciple Abbot Eulogio, of the 9th-c. Mozarabic “martyr movement”, which struggled against the progress of Islam – or ...
Amalfi

Amalfi  

A small Italian city in Campania, clinging to the rocky slopes of its peninsula dominating the bay of Salerno, Amalfi is mentioned as a bishopric in a letter of Pope ...
Andrew of Longjumeau

Andrew of Longjumeau  

(13th c.)A Dominican missionary who, perhaps already instructed to bring the relics of the Passion to France (1239), brought letters from Innocent IV to various Muslim princes and oriental ...
Anglo-Latin literature to 1847

Anglo-Latin literature to 1847  

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Literature
From the 7th to the mid‐19th cents, thousands of English writers produced Latin writings in great quantity, both in prose and in verse, addressed to a Latin‐reading public in continental Europe and ...
Arabic

Arabic  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Arabic texts, mostly on papyrus but five on paper, have been discovered at two sites in the Judean desert. Over a hundred texts and fragments were discovered at Khirbet Mird ...
Arabic Calligraphy

Arabic Calligraphy  

Arabic writing, alphabetical in type, belongs to the Semitic scripts; it has 25 consonants, three semi-vowels and three long vowels. Appearing under the influence of Syriac in the Christian Arab ...

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