Overview

League of Nations

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 175 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Aaland Islands

Aaland Islands  

Some 6,500 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden. They were part of Sweden until 1809, when, together with Finland, they were annexed by Russia. After the collapse of the Russian ...
Abyssinian War

Abyssinian War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1935–6.Conflict between Abyssinia and Italy. Mussolini used a border incident in December 1934 at Walwal as a pretext for pursuing his aim of imperial expansion in north Africa. The Italians invaded ...
Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
African-American troops

African-American troops  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Variously called negro, coloured, and black, the history of African-American soldiers is that of US race relations in general. Even after the abolition of formal discrimination by colour, advancement ...
Aid policy

Aid policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Provision by Australia of foreign aid to developing countries is largely a post‐1945 phenomenon. Foreign aid falls under the purview of the minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, assisted by ...
alliance

alliance  

N. a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations: a defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand | divisions within the alliance.
American Peace Society

American Peace Society  

A pacifist group founded in 1828 that was the first nationally based secular peace organization in American history. Based in Boston, the society organized peace conferences and published a ...
Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie  

(1835–1919)British-born US industrialist and philanthropist who used his personal fortune, derived largely from the steel industry, to finance a variety of charitable institutions.Carnegie was born ...
appeasement

appeasement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A policy of giving in to hostile demands of another nation to avoid war, primarily associated with British and increasingly also with French foreign policy between the two World Wars. From 1933 to ...
Arab Legion

Arab Legion  

Originally founded in 1921 as a police force for the British League of Nations Mandate of Transjordan, it contained a force of 1,000 volunteers under the command of Colonel Frederick Peake. In the ...
arms control

arms control  

Reference type:
Overview Page
N. international disarmament or arms limitation, especially by mutual consent.
arms race

arms race  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the U.S. and the former USSR during the Cold War.
arms transfer

arms transfer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The transfer of weapons, ammunition, and other military goods from one entity to another (usually between governments), either with or without payment or other reimbursement.
Arthur Henderson

Arthur Henderson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1863–1935).Labour politician. Brought up on Tyneside and apprenticed as an ironfounder, Henderson, then a fervent Gladstonian Liberal, moved slowly to the view that the political future of the ...
Assembly of First Nations

Assembly of First Nations  

Founded between 1980 and 1982 as part of the swirl of events surrounding the push by the federal government to patriate Canada's constitution, the afn is a recent manifestation of ...
Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(2 November 1917)A declaration by Britain in favour of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It took the form of a letter from Lord Balfour (British Foreign Secretary) to Lord Rothschild, a prominent ...
Baltic States

Baltic States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1934)A mutual defence pact between Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Soon after World War I there were negotiations for an alliance between all the countries which had recently broken away from the ...
battle for the Mediterranean

battle for the Mediterranean  

Reference type:
Overview Page
War spread to the Mediterranean basin on 10 June 1940 when Italy declared war on the UK and France (see Maps 2 and 68). Mussolini, who nursed a jealousy of ...
Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1883–1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister (1922–43); known as Il Duce ('the leader'). He founded the Italian Fascist Party in 1919. He annexed Abyssinia in 1936 and entered World War ...
British Empire

British Empire  

At its apogee, around 1920, the British empire was the largest ever known, reputed to cover a quarter of the world's land area, and a fifth of its population. Like all mighty oaks, this one had a ...

View: