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F. R. Leavis

(1895—1978) literary critic

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A. S. Byatt

A. S. Byatt  

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Literature
(1936– )Novelist and critic, born in Sheffield, and educated at the Mount School, York, and Newnham College, Cambridge. Her first novel, Shadow of a Sun (1964), describes a woman attempting ...
Bloomsbury Group

Bloomsbury Group  

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Literature
A group of writers, artists, and philosophers living in or associated with Bloomsbury in the early 20th century. Members of the group, which included Virginia Woolf, Lytton Strachey, Vanessa Bell, ...
C. P. Snow

C. P. Snow  

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Literature
(Baron Snow of Leicester) (1905–80), novelist. His early career was devoted to scientific research in Cambridge; but he turned increasingly to administration, and in later life held many important ...
Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press  

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Books were first printed at Cambridge in 1521–2 by John Siberch (John Lair of Siegburg), a friend of Erasmus. A charter was granted to the University by Henry VIII in 1534 authorizing the printing of ...
characterization

characterization  

The representation of persons in narrative and dramatic works. This may include direct methods like the attribution of qualities in description or commentary, and indirect (or ‘dramatic’) methods ...
cultural materialism

cultural materialism  

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Literature
[Th]The theory of cultural causation in which technology, economics, and environment are considered the independent variables.
D. H. Lawrence

D. H. Lawrence  

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Literature
(1885–1930)British novelist and poet.Lawrence was born in the coalmining village of Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, the fourth child of a miner and a schoolteacher. The conflict between his coarse violent ...
Dan Jacobson

Dan Jacobson  

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Literature
(1929– ),novelist and critic, born in Johannesburg, but for many years settled in England, where he taught at University College London. His first novel, The Trap (1955), was followed by several ...
Daniel Deronda

Daniel Deronda  

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Literature
A novel by G. Eliot, published 1876, the last of her novels.Gwendolen Harleth, high‐spirited, self‐confident, and self‐centred, marries the arrogant, cold‐hearted Henleigh Grandcourt for his money ...
David Cecil

David Cecil  

(1902–86)Scholar and biographer, educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, and Goldsmiths' professor of English literature at Oxford, 1948–69. His many works include a life of Melbourne (2 ...
dissociation of sensibility

dissociation of sensibility  

T. S. Eliot's term for a separation of thought from feeling which he held to be first manifested in poetry of the later seventeenth century.
Donald Davie

Donald Davie  

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Literature
(1922–1995),poet and critic, educated at Cambridge where he was much influenced by the ethos of F. R. Leavis and the Cambridge English school. His critical work Purity of Diction in English Verse ...
Edgell Rickword

Edgell Rickword  

(1898–1982),poet, critic, and radical, edited from 1925 to 1927, the Calendar of Modern Letters. He also edited two volumes of Scrutiny (1928–32), the Left Review (1936–8), and Our Time (1944–7), and ...
Edith Sitwell

Edith Sitwell  

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Literature
(1887–1964)British poet and critic. Created a DBE in 1954, this tall, exotically dressed, bejewelled, and invariably turbanned eccentric was a familiar feature of London literary life.The only ...
Edward Thomas

Edward Thomas  

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Literature
(1878–1917),poet, and writer of many volumes of prose, much of it topographical and biographical, including a biography of R. Jefferies (1909). With the encouragement of Frost he turned to poetry. In ...
Essays in Criticism

Essays in Criticism  

Three series of essays by M. Arnold (1865, 1888, 1910).
Ezra Pound

Ezra Pound  

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Literature
(1885–1972),American poet, came to Europe in 1908 and published his first volume of poems, A Lume Spento (1908). He published several other volumes of verse, including Personae (1909), Canzoni ...
Felix Holt, The Radical

Felix Holt, The Radical  

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Literature
A novel by G. Eliot, published 1866, set in 1832 in Loamshire.Harold Transome arrives from the East to inherit the family estate, and startles his family by standing as a Radical candidate. His ...
George Douglas Brown

George Douglas Brown  

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Literature
(1869–1902),novelist: b. Ochiltree; educ. Ayr and Oxford (Balliol College); buried in Ayr. The House with the Green Shutters 1901.
George Eliot

George Eliot  

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Literature
(1819–80),daughter of Robert Evans, agent for a Warwickshire estate. She became a convert to evangelicalism when she was at school; she was freed from this by the influence of Charles Bray, a ...

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