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Aeneas

Aeneas  

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In classical mythology, a Trojan leader, son of Anchises and Aphrodite, and legendary ancestor of the Romans. When Troy fell to the Greeks he escaped and after wandering for many years eventually ...
Aequi

Aequi  

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Simple Italic tribe inhabiting the valleys of the Himella, Tolenus, and upper Anio); their dialect probably resembled Oscan (see Oscan and Umbrian). Expanding from the highlands towards Latium, by ...
Albanus mons

Albanus mons  

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The Alban hills and more specifically their dominating peak, 21km. (13 mi.) SE of Rome. Until c.1150 bc the Albanus mons was an active volcano; the volcano, however, has been inactive in historical ...
alliance

alliance  

N. a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations: a defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand | divisions within the alliance.
Capua

Capua  

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By c.600 bc, Capua was an Etruscan city and head of a league of twelve cities. The surrounding area was known as the ager Campanus (see campania). After 474, when the Etruscans were defeated by a ...
Castor and Pollux

Castor and Pollux  

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The temple of the Dioscuri at Rome, in the Forum, was attributed to the deities' miraculous intervention in 484 bc in the battle of Lake Regillus (against the Latins) in response to the vow of the ...
citizen

citizen  

[Ge]A member of a politically or administratively defined community, having both rights and duties associated with that membership.
Claudius Pulcher, Gaius

Claudius Pulcher, Gaius  

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(RE 300)was an augur (see augures) from 195 bc and praetor in 180, when he investigated an outbreak of poisoning. Consul in 177, he carried a law repatriating Latins ...
commercium

commercium  

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Was the right of any Latinus (see Latini) to own Roman land and to enter into contracts with a Roman that were according to the forms of Roman law and ...
Cosa

Cosa  

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Archaeology
Situated on a commanding rocky promontory on the coast of Etruria, 6 km. (4 mi.) south-east of Orbetello. Excavation has revealed no trace of Etruscan Cusi, which may have occupied ...
Gabii

Gabii  

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An ancient Latin city (see Latini) 19 km. (12 mi.) to the east of Rome, and situated in a geographically critical position on both east–west and north routes. Occupied from ...
Gaius Maenius

Gaius Maenius  

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Consul 338 bc, who commemorated his successful war against the Latins (see Latini) and Volscian Antium by dedicating the ‘beaks’ of the captured ships on the exterior of the Comitium ...
Gaul (Cisalpine)

Gaul (Cisalpine)  

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The northern region comprising the Po (Padus) plain and its mountain fringes from the Apennines to the Alps was known to the Romans as Cisalpine Gaul. In the middle republic it was not considered ...
ius Latii

ius Latii  

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The Latin right, refers primarily to the legal status of those Latins (see Latini) who after 338 bc shared the right of marriage (conubium) and commerce (commercium) with Romans. Latins ...
iūs Latiī

iūs Latiī  

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The Latin right, refers primarily to the legal status of those Latins who after 338 bc shared the right of marriage and commerce with Romans. Latins settling in Rome acquired Roman citizenship and ...
Latinus

Latinus  

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Eponymous hero of the Latini. Hesiod (Theogonia 1011–16) makes him son of Circe and Odysseus and king of the Tyrrhenians (i.e. Etruscans, see West's comm.); he is later said to ...
Latium

Latium  

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Ancient sources make a useful distinction between Old Latium (Latium Vetus), the land of the ancient Latins, bounded to the NW by the rivers Tiber and Anio and to the east by the Apennines and ...
Lavinium

Lavinium  

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Where Aeneas landed in Latium, a large town of the Latin League (see Latini), whose federal sanctuary it became in the 6th cent. bc: thirteen large archaic altars survive in ...
Livius Drusus, Marcus

Livius Drusus, Marcus  

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(RE 17)probably a descendant of L. Aemilius Paullus (1) and M. Livius Salinator, as tribune (122 bc) combined with the consul C. Fannius in exploiting the people's reluctance to ...
Luceria

Luceria  

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(mod. Lucera), a town on the borders of Samnium and Apulia. It is not certainly recorded until 315/4 bc, when it was a Samnite-controlled stronghold, which the Romans captured and ...

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