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Laocoön

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ancient art, post-Antique collecting

ancient art, post-Antique collecting  

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Collecting of antiquities began in the ancient period itself with the art collections of the Hellenistic dynasts and Romans of the republican and imperial periods (see art Market, ancient). The ...
antique

antique  

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Pertaining to Graeco-Roman Antiquity, or the Classical civilizations of the Graeco-Roman world.
Baccio Bandinelli

Baccio Bandinelli  

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(b Florence, 12 Nov. 1493; d Florence, 7 Feb. 1560).Florentine sculptor, painter, and draughtsman. He was a favourite of the Medici family, but he is remembered more for his belligerent character and ...
Belvedere Torso

Belvedere Torso  

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A marble fragment showing the torso and upper legs of a powerful male figure seated on a rock, now in the Vatican Museums and named after the Belvedere Court in the Vatican in which it was once ...
Berruguete

Berruguete  

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Spanish artists, father and son, who are respectively associated with the beginnings of the Renaissance and Mannerist styles in their country. Pedro (b Paredes de Nava, nr. Valladolid, c.1450; d ...
Classical Tradition

Classical Tradition  

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[This entry includes three subentries, on classical influences on Western art, music, and film and television.]Ancient art, literature, history, and culture never became irrelevant after the fall of ...
Farnese Bull

Farnese Bull  

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Ancient marble sculpture group (probably a Roman copy of a Greek original of c.150 bc), once part of the Farnese collection and now in the Archaeological Museum in Naples. The subject, taken from ...
forgery

forgery  

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A sharp way of raising some of the problems of aesthetic theory is to ask why fakes and forgeries, however good, are typically valued much less highly than originals. The difference may seem to be a ...
G. E. Lessing

G. E. Lessing  

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(1729–81)German dramatist and critic. Lessing is not remembered for any first-rate philosophy, but he was a major influence on German thinking of his time. His Laokoön (1766) espouses the view that ...
Hagesander

Hagesander  

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Rhodian sculptors, active between 50 bc and ad 25. Pliny, Naturalis historia 36. 37f. mentions them as the authors of the Laocoön, found in Rome in 1516 and immensely influential ...
Hellenism

Hellenism  

Of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 bc. During this period Greek culture ...
Jean-Baptiste Tuby

Jean-Baptiste Tuby  

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(b Rome, 1635; d Paris, 9 Aug. 1700).Italian-born sculptor who became a French citizen in 1666 (his father was French). He worked chiefly at Versailles, often in collaboration with ...
Johann Joachim Winckelmann

Johann Joachim Winckelmann  

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(1717–68) [Bi]German scholar and antiquarian who made numerous contributions to the integration of archaeology and art history, emphasizing that classical texts were not the only source of ...
Maerten van Heemskerck

Maerten van Heemskerck  

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(1498–1574).Dutch painter, draughtsman, and designer of prints, born in the village of Heemskerck, near Haarlem. He was an immensely productive, inventive, and erudite artist, one of the ...
museum

museum  

The foundation of museums was an offshoot of the great explosion of knowledge in the early modern period which stemmed from the invention of printing, the voyages of discovery, the ...
Nude

Nude  

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Unlike classical authors the Byz. tried to avoid describing the naked body: a typical example of Byz. caution is Niketas Choniates' reference to the statue of Athena in Constantinople, which ...
Pergamene School

Pergamene School  

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A trend in Hellenistic sculpture, associated with the city of Pergamum in Asia Minor, whose great period coincided with the Attalid dynasty (241–133bc). Works of the Pergamene School are ...
Pergamum

Pergamum  

A city in ancient Mysia, in western Asia Minor, situated to the north of Izmir on a rocky hill close to the Aegean coast. The capital in the 3rd and 2nd centuries bc of the Attalid dynasty, it was ...
plaster casts

plaster casts  

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Can be made either from clay models or from metal or stone statuary in two or three dimensions. The casts can serve as workshop aids for the production of sculpture. ...
Pliny the Younger

Pliny the Younger  

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(ad 62–c.116).Roman politician, orator, and writer. From ad 106 he was superintendent of aqueducts, but his chief importance in architecture lies in his descriptions of his Laurentine and Tuscan ...

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