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Agnes Denes

Agnes Denes  

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(1938– )American Land artist, born in Budapest. Her family moved to Stockholm and she settled in New York in 1954. Her studies were in science and philosophy as well as art. After working in a ...
Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy  

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(b Sale Moor, Cheshire, 25 July 1956).British sculptor and Land artist. He works mainly with found natural materials such as leaves, pebbles, twigs, and even snow and ice, typically using no tools ...
anti-form

anti-form  

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A term, originating in the late 1960s, applied to certain types of works that react against traditional forms, materials, and methods of artistic creation—*Arte Povera, Land art, some kinds of ...
Arte Povera

Arte Povera  

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An artistic movement that originated in Italy in the 1960s, combining aspects of conceptual, minimalist, and performance art, and making use of worthless or common materials such as earth or ...
Bruce McLean

Bruce McLean  

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(1944– )Scottish Performance artist and painter, born in Glasgow. He studied at Glasgow School of Art, then at St Martin's School of Art from 1963 to 1966, the time when the influence of Anthony ...
Conceptual art

Conceptual art  

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A type of art in which the idea or ideas that a work represents are considered its essential component and the finished ‘product’, if it exists at all, is regarded primarily as a form of ...
Dennis Oppenheim

Dennis Oppenheim  

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(1938–2011)American artist, born in Electric City, Washington. His work spanned Land art, Performance, Body art, installation, and sculpture but was rooted in the questioning of the traditional art ...
Environment art

Environment art  

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A type of art, which began to establish itself in the 1960s, in which the artist creates a three-dimensional space to enclose the spectator and involve him in a whole range of sensory ...
Environmental art

Environmental art  

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Term used to describe a type of art which was characterized by its manipulation of controlled spaces—such as galleries and warehouses—into which the spectator was immersed and involved in a ...
installation

installation  

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A term that can be applied very generally to the disposition of objects in an exhibition (the hanging of paintings, the arrangement of sculptures, and so on), but which also has the more specific ...
James Turrell

James Turrell  

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(1943– ).Sculptor and designer. Known for ethereal museum installations using light as a medium, he has also been engaged for more than thirty years with the transformation of Arizona's Roden Crater ...
Martha Schwartz

Martha Schwartz  

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(1950– ).American land-scape-architect. She worked (1976–82) with Sasaki and then (1984–90) with Walker. Among her designs the Bagel Garden (with shellac-painted bagels, pebbles, and box-hedges), ...
Martin Puryear

Martin Puryear  

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(1941– ).Sculptor and printmaker. His laboriously hand-crafted, elegant, and idiosyncratic sculptures draw on diverse forms of cultural expression, as well as minimalism, process art, and the work of ...
Matthew Barney

Matthew Barney  

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(1967– )American sculptor, Performance artist, draughtsman, and film-maker. His early performance Physical Restraint turned the act of drawing into a kind of endurance test. In this sense he was ...
Michael Asher

Michael Asher  

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(1943– )American installation artist, born in Los Angeles. His work generally consists of interventions within the museum and gallery space and in this respect his work can be compared to that of ...
Minimal art

Minimal art  

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A type of abstract art, particularly sculpture, characterized by extreme simplicity of form and a deliberate lack of expressive content; it emerged as a trend in the 1950s and flourished particularly ...
Nancy Holt

Nancy Holt  

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(1938– )American Land artist, photographer and film-maker. Her best known work is Sun Tunnels (1973–6). This consists of four cylinders placed in the Utah desert so that the open ends will capture ...
New York: patronage and collecting

New York: patronage and collecting  

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‘I should be hardly believed …were I to relate the utter ignorance respecting pictures to be found among persons of the first standing in society.’ So Frances Trollope wrote of ...
Process art

Process art  

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Art in which the process of its making becomes the subject, as had occurred in Abstract Expressionism. This emphasis was later taken up in various ways by a number of artists in the 1960s and 70s ...
Richard Long

Richard Long  

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(b Bristol, 2 June 1945).British avant-garde artist whose work brings together sculpture, Conceptual art, and Land art. Since 1967 his artistic activity has been based on long solitary walks that he ...

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