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Jean de la Fontaine

(1621—1695) French poet

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Académie Française

Académie Française  

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Literature
A French literary academy with a constant membership of forty, responsible for the standard form of the French language and for compiling and revising a definitive dictionary of the French language. ...
Aesop's Fables

Aesop's Fables  

One of the formative books read by the Brontës. The Fables are a collection of brief moral tales attributed to a Greek slave said to have lived about 600 bc ...
ballade

ballade  

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Literature
Strictly a poem consisting of one or more triplets of seven‐ or (afterwards) eight‐lined stanzas, each ending with the same line as refrain, and usually an envoy addressed to a prince or his ...
Balthasar de Bonnecorse

Balthasar de Bonnecorse  

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(1631–1706).Poet from Marseille, a friend of the Scudérys, La Fontaine, and Pellisson. Although he wrote some pleasing poems, he is remembered only because of being gratuitously mocked by Boileau ...
creole

creole  

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Literature
Name applied to American-born descendants of the French and Spanish settlers of Latin America. The term did not originally mean persons of mixed white and Negro blood, although this is one of its ...
dialogue

dialogue  

1 Vocal work, mainly from medieval times to 17th cent., in which echo, alternation, or contrast suggested spoken dialogue.2 Spoken dialogue is used in some types of opera, e.g. Fr. opéra‐comique, ...
fable

fable  

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Literature
A short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral; a story, typically a supernatural one incorporating elements of myth and legend. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes ...
Fables

Fables  

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A four-volume folio edition of La Fontaine’s Fables—each fable accompanied by a full-page plate by J.-B. Oudry (1686–1755), famous as a painter of animal life—was the most ambitious illustrated book ...
François Maucroix

François Maucroix  

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Literature
(1619–1708).French poet and translator, chiefly remembered as the friend of La Fontaine. A lawyer by training, he was obliged by poverty to take orders and accept a canonry at ...
Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux

Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux  

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Literature
(1619–92).French memorialist. He moved in précieux circles [see Preciosity] and wrote some light verse, but his major work, the Historiettes, only began to be published in 1834. It is ...
Honorat de Bueil Racan, seigneur de

Honorat de Bueil Racan, seigneur de  

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Literature
(1589–1670).French poet. Having lost his father at an early age, he was taken into the care of the duc de Bellegarde. Malherbe, on his arrival at the court in ...
Honoré d' Urfé

Honoré d' Urfé  

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Literature
(1567–1625)French novelist, author of L'Astrée (1607–27), a pastoral novel set in 5th-century Gaul celebrating the virtues of a refined life which enjoyed great popularity, influencing English ...
Ivan Krylov

Ivan Krylov  

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Literature
(1769–1844), Russian writer, most famous for his fables, the first collection published in 1809. Some of his more than two hundred fables are similar to the well- known models by ...
Jean Racine

Jean Racine  

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(1639–99),French tragic dramatist whose major works include Andromaque (1667), PhIdre (1677), Britannicus (1669), Bajazet (1672), and Athalie (1691). The plays have been extensively translated into ...
Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian

Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian  

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Literature
(1755–94).Born into a noble family in the Cévennes, he served in the army, and then devoted himself to letters in Paris, becoming a member of the Académie Française (1788). ...
Joconde

Joconde  

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Literature
The first of La Fontaine's Contes, written in vers libres classiques and based on a story of marital infidelity in Ariosto. Boileau defended it in his sprightly Dissertation sur Joconde (1665).[...]
libraries, public

libraries, public  

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Literature
The first British public libraries were established under the Museum Act, in Canterbury (1847), Warrington (1848), and Salford (1850). The 1850 Public Libraries Act, piloted by William Ewart against ...
Marguerite Hessein de La Sablière

Marguerite Hessein de La Sablière  

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Literature
(c. 1636–1693).After she had obtained a legal separation from her inconstant husband, this well‐educated daughter of a wealthy Protestant family created a famous salon. There, philosophical and ...
Nicolas Boileau

Nicolas Boileau  

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Literature
(1636–1711),French critic and poet, and one of the major legislators of neo‐classical theory. His Art Poétique (1674), a four‐canto poem, established canons of taste and defined principles of ...
Querelle des anciens et des modernes

Querelle des anciens et des modernes  

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Literature
The name for the debate that took place in France from the mid-17th c. onwards is a convenient designation for similar, earlier developments in Italy, beginning in the first decades ...

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