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Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(CND)A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as President. Frustration ...
Centre Party

Centre Party  

(more correctly the National Centre Party), a political party whose formation, arising from a decision by the National Farmers' and Ratepayers' League (founded 6 Oct. 1932), was agreed on 4 ...
Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee  

(b. London, 3 Jan. 1883; d. London, 8 Oct. 1967)British; Prime Minister 1945–51; Earl 1955 Clement Attlee's government (1945–51) is widely regarded as Labour's most successful government. The ...
co-operative movement

co-operative movement  

An organization owned by and run for the benefit of its members. First developed in many of the new industrial towns in Britain at the end of the 18th century, the Cooperative Movement was largely an ...
Cooperative Party

Cooperative Party  

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Overview Page
British political party, formed In 1917 as the political arm of the Cooperative Union. Associated with the labour party, since 1946 all of its parliamentary candidates have stood for election ...
Edward VII

Edward VII  

(1841–1910)King of the United Kingdom (1901–10) – a short and relatively uneventful reign.Eldest son of Queen Victoria, he was created Prince of Wales shortly after his birth. In his youth he became ...
Fabian Society

Fabian Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The Society took its name from the Roman dictator Fabius, nicknamed ‘Cunctator’, or delayer. It was founded in 1884 by a group of middle‐class intellectuals to further ‘the reconstruction of Society ...
Fabians

Fabians  

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Overview Page
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History
British socialists aiming at gradual social change through democratic means. The Fabian Society was founded in 1884 by a group of intellectuals who believed that new political pressures were needed ...
Harold Laski

Harold Laski  

(1893 –1950)Political theorist Harold Laski was born in Manchester, England, and worked as a journalist before turning to teaching—successively at McGill University, Harvard University, and after ...
Harold Wilson

Harold Wilson  

(1916–1995)British politician and Labour prime minister (1964–70; 1974–76), noted for his tactical skills in maintaining positive government with a very small majority. He was knighted in 1976 and ...
Independent Labour Party

Independent Labour Party  

(ILP).The party was established in 1893 at a conference in Bradford, composed of 120 delegates largely drawn from the industrial north and Scotland and chaired by Keir Hardie. Chronic lack of union ...
James Callaghan

James Callaghan  

(1912–2005).Prime minister. Callaghan had the unique record of having held all the highest offices of state: chancellor of the Exchequer (1964–7), home secretary (1967–70), foreign secretary ...
James Connolly

James Connolly  

(1868–1916).Author and union leader, Connolly was the most important Irish socialist in an intellectual and organizational sense. Though unsuccessful in an attempt to reconcile socialism and ...
James Larkin

James Larkin  

(1876–1947).Larkin was the nearest thing to a revolutionary leader that the modern trade union movement has thrown up. He wished, on syndicalist lines, to use trade union power not merely to obtain ...
Jarrow March

Jarrow March  

Sometimes known as the Jarrow Crusade, this was one of the most well-known episodes in the history of protest in Britain. It was a march from Jarrow, in the north-east of England, to London, in ...
Keir Hardie

Keir Hardie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1856–1915)Scottish Labour politician. He worked as a miner before entering Parliament in 1892, becoming the first leader of the Independent Labour Party the next year. In 1906 he became a co-founder ...
Labor Movement and Antimilitarism in the twentieth century

Labor Movement and Antimilitarism in the twentieth century  

Throughout the twentieth century, the labor movement handled the question of militarism and peace in a number of ways, from the internationalism, during the century’s first decades, implicit in ...
Liberal Party

Liberal Party  

Before 1868 the Liberal Party had been an uneasy coalition of Whigs and radicals. The broadening of the suffrage in the boroughs in the Reform Act of 1867 strengthened the radicals and the Gladstone ...
Lib-Labs

Lib-Labs  

Were working‐class MPs who, whilst prepared to speak out on ‘labour’ issues, accepted the Liberal whip. In 1874, Thomas Burt (Morpeth) and Alexander Macdonald (Stafford) became the first two such ...
Michael Foot

Michael Foot  

(b. 23 July 1913).British Labour leader 1980–3 Born in Plymouth, he was initially a Liberal, but joined the Labour Party after working in Liverpool's poverty‐stricken areas whilst at Wadham College, ...

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