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labor Markets

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automation

automation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The use of automatic machinery and systems, particularly those manufacturing or data‐processing systems which require little or no human intervention in their normal operation. During the 19th ...
business

business  

1 All forms of industrial and commercial profit-seeking activity. The business cycle refers to fluctuations in the aggregate level of economic activity, and the Business Expansion Scheme in the UK ...
center–periphery

center–periphery  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Describes patterns of unequal relations between relatively developed centers and less developed outlying areas within an economy or other system. Although Marxist theories of imperialism by Vladimir ...
collective bargaining

collective bargaining  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Bargaining between employers and employees over wages, terms of employment, etc., when the employees are represented by a trade union or some other collective body.
deskilling

deskilling  

The process of removing the requirement for individual skills as part of an operating system. Techniques to improve the efficiency of systems tend to simplify and standardize procedures, so that they ...
division of labour

division of labour  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Is the extent to which jobs in an organization are subdivided into separate tasks. [See scientific management, Fordism, and job redesign.]
domestic Labor.

domestic Labor.  

Since the Colonial Era, domestic labor has been a significant contributor to economic production and development in America. While domestic labor encompasses a wide range of market and nonmarket ...
economic Development

economic Development  

An economic transformation of a country or a region that leads to the improvement of the well-being and economic capabilities of its residents.
economic dualism

economic dualism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A way of conceptualizing the existence of two (sometimes more) separate but symbiotic sets of economic processes or markets within the same political or national social framework. In Third World ...
Economic Regulation.

Economic Regulation.  

The objectives of economic regulation are usually mixed: to achieve an appropriate balance between efficiency and equity, to steer acquisitive human urges into productive channels, and to strike ...
economic sociology

economic sociology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The fundamental problem in economics is to explain how the limited productive resources and effort of a society are allocated among the wide range of alternative uses to which they might be put. ...
employer strategies

employer strategies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term refers to patterns of employers' decision-making regarding work organization within firms (for example forms of control over labour, job structures, and payment systems). Originally ...
employment

employment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 Service performed for pay or wages under a contract of hire.2 The number of people in an economy who provide services for pay under a contract (this includes both full-time and part-time workers in ...
employment status

employment status  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Refers to the classification of workers according to whether they are employees, who are employed under a contract of employment, or independent or self-employed workers, who may work under a ...
factory system

factory system  

The ‘factory system’ has been an important element in the accelerating processes of industrialization known as the industrial revolution. As British industrial enterprises expanded in the 18th cent., ...
Fair Employment Practice Committee.

Fair Employment Practice Committee.  

In June 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt reluctantly created the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) to forestall a mass demonstration planned by the black labor leader A. Philip ...
family wage

family wage  

A wage that is sufficient to support a family, including a dependent spouse and children. The family wage was a traditional bargaining objective of male-dominated trade unions and found expression, ...
gender segregation (in employment)

gender segregation (in employment)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term refers to the unequal distribution of men and women in the occupational structure—sometimes also (and more accurately) called ‘occupational segregation by sex’. There are two forms: ...
Global Economy

Global Economy  

Commercial interactions on a global scale have been an important feature of the growth of the capitalist system for half a millennium. Patterns of trade as much as three or ...
Hispanic Americans

Hispanic Americans  

A word used to describe persons resident in the United States whose ethnic origin includes Spanish-speaking (or Portuguese-speaking) ancestors who entered the United States from Latin America.

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