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Black Eagles

Black Eagles  

Commissioned on April 29, 1967, as an aircraft squadron and deployed one week later to WESTPAC (Western Pacific command) aboard the USS Constellation, flying E-2As (”Hawkeyes”). The squadron served ...
Desert Shield, Operation

Desert Shield, Operation  

The multinational buildup of forces in the Persian Gulf that began in August 1990, immediately after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Its immediate purpose was to protect Saudi Arabia against attack ...
Desert Storm, Operation

Desert Storm, Operation  

The multinational bombing campaign against Iraq, beginning in January 1991, after Iraq had failed to meet the demands of a U.N. resolution that it withdraw from Kuwait. The operation was ...
economic sanctions

economic sanctions  

Action taken by one country or group of countries to harm the economic interest of another country or group of countries, usually to bring about pressure for social or political change. Sanctions ...
Gulf States

Gulf States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates stand at the confluence of several major currents in contemporary Islamic affairs. Political activism among the disadvantaged Shīʿī communities of ...
Gulf War

Gulf War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1991)An international conflict in the Gulf region of Kuwait and Iraq. Iraq, as the successor to the Ottoman empire, claimed Kuwait in 1961, claimed Kuwait in 1961, but the issue was not pressed and ...
Iran-Iraq War

Iran-Iraq War  

(1980–88)A border dispute between Iran and Iraq, which developed into a major war. In 1980 President Saddam Hussein of Iraq abrogated the 1975 agreement granting Iran some 518 sq km (200 sq miles) of ...
Iraq

Iraq  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Post-war Iraq descended into chaos but has now achieved a degree of political stabilityThe heart of Iraq, forming around one-third of the territory, is the alluvial and often marshy basin of the ...
Jahrah

Jahrah  

An oasis town and governorate in central Kuwait. Located about 30 miles (50 km) west of Kuwait City, Jahrah is the capital of the governorate and the agricultural center of ...
Khafji, Battle of,

Khafji, Battle of,  

ˈkäfjē(January 29–31, 1991) the only major offensive during the Persian Gulf War. Iraqi troops attacked the Saudi gulf city, Ra's Al Khafji, located 8 miles south of the Kuwaiti ...
Kuwait City

Kuwait City  

A port on the Persian Gulf, the capital city of Kuwait.
left hook

left hook  

The popular name given to the massive, highly mobile thrust by United States, British, and French armored and airmobile forces initiated on February 24, 1991, which drove around and through ...
mother of all battles

mother of all battles  

Iraqi term for the Persian Gulf War (1991). Saddam Hussein claimed the fight for Kuwait would be the “mother of all battles” (in Arabic, Um al-Mar'rik) and the phrase received considerable media ...
Persian Gulf

Persian Gulf  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A shallow, epicontinental sea located between lat. 24°–30° 30′ N. and long. 48°–56° 30′ W., c.1,000 km. long (625 mi.), 200–350 km. wide (125–200 mi.), narrowing to c.60 km. (40 ...
Persian Gulf War

Persian Gulf War  

On 2 August 1990 Iraq invaded oil-rich Kuwait. The United Nations promptly placed an embargo on Iraq while the United States organized a multi-national coalition to impose it. The un ...
Richard Cheney

Richard Cheney  

Vice President• Born: January 30, 1941, Lincoln, Neb.• Education: University of Wyoming, B.A., 1965; M.A. 1996• Political party: Republican• Military service: None• Previous government service: ...
Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1937–2006)Iraqi dictator (1979–2003), whose attempts to make Iraq a regional superpower led to the Gulf War of 1991.Born into a Sunni Muslim peasant family, Saddam joined the radical Ba'ath party in ...

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