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ksatriya

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ahimsa

ahimsa  

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In the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jainist tradition, respect for all living things and avoidance of violence towards others. The word comes from Sanskrit, from a ‘non-, without’ + hiṃsā ‘violence’.
Bhagavadgita

Bhagavadgita  

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A sacred Hindu poem composed between the 2nd century bc and the 2nd century ad and incorporated into the Mahabharata. Presented as a dialogue between the Kshatriya prince Arjuna and his divine ...
Bhārgava

Bhārgava  

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1 The name given to the descendants of the Vedic sage Bhṛgu. According to V. S. Sukthankar, the editor of its Critical Edition, the Mahābhārata, which was originally a kṣatriya work, was reworked and ...
Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad

Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad  

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(Skt., ‘of the Great Forest’).The longest and perhaps oldest of the principal Upaniṣads. Composed in prose style between c.8th and 6th cents. bce, it consists of six chapters attached ...
caste

caste  

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[De]A form of stratification in which an individual's social position is fixed at birth and cannot be changed. There is virtually no intermarriage between the members of different caste groups.
Dharam yudh

Dharam yudh  

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Religion
(‘war of righteousness’).Sikh recognition that in some circumstances war is necessary. Gurū Nānak insisted that tyranny and injustice must be resisted, and Gurū Amar Dās told members of the ...
Duryodhana

Duryodhana  

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In the Mahābhārata, the eldest of the Kauravas. His magical ability to hide himself under the surface of a pool of water after most of his army has been destroyed ...
gāndharva marriage

gāndharva marriage  

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A marriage rite (vivāha), so-called because it is witnessed only by Gandharvas, which, according to Maṇusmṛti (3.32), takes the form of a mutually desired union between the bride and bridegroom ...
Janaka

Janaka  

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The king of Videha, he first appears in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad (3.1.1) in a debate with Yājñavalkya. He is subsequently cited as an exemplar by Kṛṣṇa in the Bhagavadgītā (3.20), and appears ...
Karṇa

Karṇa  

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A major figure in the Mahābhārata, and perhaps the character most obviously resembling a Western ‘tragic hero’. An ally of Duryodhana, he is actually the Pāṇḍavas' older half-brother, although this ...
kingship

kingship  

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Religion
As a construct, a topic extensively treated in a number of Hindu texts, especially in relation to dharma. According to Dharmaśāstra, the king, as the conduit for divine power, should be regarded as ...
Mahāvīra

Mahāvīra  

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1 An honorific applied to a spiritual ‘hero’.2 (Vardhamāna) (5th century bce) The name by which the twenty-fourth Jaina teacher, or Jina, is best known.
Manu

Manu  

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Hindu lawgiver to whom is attributed Manusmṛti (The Laws of Manu). If historical, he may have been of the Kṣatriya varṇa, and was probably the compiler of legal traditions antecedent to him.[...]
Nepal

Nepal  

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History
Nepal has deposed its king and declared a republic but is struggling to maintain peaceNepal's territory can be divided roughly into three bands descending from north to south. The northernmost band ...
Pāṇḍavas

Pāṇḍavas  

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Five kṣatriya ‘brothers’ of the Kuru lineage, Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, Arjuna, and the twins, Nakula and Sahadeva, the heroes of the epic Mahābhārata, which recounts their battle for sovereignty against ...
Paraśurāma

Paraśurāma  

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(in Mahābhārata) (‘According to the Vaiṣṇava Purāṇic texts and the Mahābhārata, Paraśurāma is the sixth avatāra of Viṣṇu; he owes his name to his decapitation of twenty generations of kṣatriyas in ...
Puruṣasūkta

Puruṣasūkta  

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The famous creation hymn of Ṛg Veda 10. 90, attributed to Nārāyaṇa. This hymn celebrates puruṣa (Skt., ‘person’) as the primordial Cosmic Man. The hymn represents the earliest myth of ...
rājanya

rājanya  

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An ancient name for the kṣatriya varṇa.
rājasūya

rājasūya  

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Religion
By the Brahmanical period, an elaborate and complex Vedic śrauta ritual, extending over a period of two years or more. Only a kṣatriya could perform it, since it is the means by which the sacrificer ...
Rajput

Rajput  

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Rulers in Rājputana (now Rājasthan) in India. They were Kṣatriyas who rose to prominence before and during the Gupta dynasty.

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