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Saul Aaron Kripke

(b. 1940)

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Alvin Plantinga

Alvin Plantinga  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932– ).American philosopher known for the way in which he applies results of his work in other areas of analytic philosophy to traditional issues in philosophy of religion. In God ...
Arthur Isadore Fine

Arthur Isadore Fine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1937–)Arthur Fine was born on 11 November 1937 in Lowell, Massachusetts. He left high school after his junior year to take advantage of the early entrance program at the ...
causal theory of meaning

causal theory of meaning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The view that the link between words and the world, whereby words mean what they do, is a causal link. The theory is aired in Kripke's Naming and Necessity for the special case of proper names. A ...
counterpart theory

counterpart theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The view endorsed by David Lewis, that identical entities do not exist in different possible worlds, and that statements that appear to require that they do are evaluated by thinking of a counterpart ...
Daniel C. Dennett

Daniel C. Dennett  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1942– ).Dennett's guiding idea is that of the ‘intentional stance’. We take the intentional stance towards a system—a person, a bat, a computer—when we attribute rationality to the system and ...
David B. Kaplan

David B. Kaplan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– ).American philosopher at the University of California, known for his work in intensional logic, semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language. His initial stance was Fregean as in the ...
Frederic Brenton Fitch

Frederic Brenton Fitch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1908–87)Frederic B. Fitch was born on 9 September 1908 in Greenwich, Connecticut. He attended Yale University, from which he earned his BA in 1931 and his PhD in philosophy ...
Gareth Evans

Gareth Evans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1946–80).Evans was part of a post-1970 flowering of work in Oxford on mind and language, influenced by the American Donald Davidson (see also Dummett, McDowell, Peacocke, Crispin Wright). His ...
Herbert Irving Hochberg

Herbert Irving Hochberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1929–)Herbert Hochberg was born on 13 July 1929 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of George and Lillian Hochberg. The family moved to New York City, where his father became ...
Hilary Putnam

Hilary Putnam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926– )American philosopher. Born in Chicago, Putnam was educated at the university of Pennsylvania and university of California, Los Angeles. He taught at Northwestern, Princeton, and M. I. T. ...
Jaakko Hintikka

Jaakko Hintikka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1929– )Finnish philosopher who has worked at Helsinki and in various universities in the United States. While Hintikka has written extensively on a variety of the great historical philosophers from ...
Kenneth Jon Barwise

Kenneth Jon Barwise  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1942–2000)Jon Barwise was born on 29 June 1942 in Independence, Missouri, and he died on 5 March 2000 in Bloomington, Indiana. His precocity was evident from early years, and ...
Kit Fine

Kit Fine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1946–  ).Logician, metaphysician, and philosopher of mathematics, known for his contributions to modal logic and the metaphysics of essence. Since the revival of essentialism in the 1970s through ...
Kripke semantics

Kripke semantics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The standard semantic treatment for modal languages with symbols for necessity and possibility, due to Saul Kripke. The model is a set of possible worlds and a relation on them, corresponding to the ...
Leonard Linsky

Leonard Linsky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1922–)Leonard Linsky was born on 13 November 1992 in Chicago, Illinois. He received his BA in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley in 1943. Upon completing his ...
modal logic

modal logic  

A logic studying the notions of necessity and possibility. Modal logic was of great importance historically, particularly in the light of various doctrines concerning the necessary properties of the ...
Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928– ),professor of modern languages and linguistics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, after Saussure the most important figure in modern linguistics. Two of his books, in particular, ...
possible worlds

possible worlds  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The central notion in the semantic or model theoretic exploration of modal logic. A possible world is here considered to be a complete state of affairs, or one in which every proposition under ...
reference

reference  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The basic case of reference is the relation between a name and the person or object which it names. The philosophical pro-blems include trying to elucidate that relation, to understand whether other ...
rigid designator

rigid designator  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A rigid designator is one that denotes the same thing in all possible worlds, or in all possible worlds in which that thing exists. The term was introduced by Kripke, to label the fact that if we ...

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