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kleśa

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abhimāna

abhimāna  

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(Skt.). Conceit or arrogance, an aspect of the major kleśa pride. Abhimāna is characterized by the arrogant posturing that one has achievements which one does not actually possess.
abhiniveśa

abhiniveśa  

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Religion
According to Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra it is one of the five afflictions (kleśas) that ensure the individual goes on suffering, and is classified as a form of ignorance (avidyā).
akuśala

akuśala  

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Religion
(Skt.; Pāli, akusala).The opposite of kuśala. Term of moral disapproval used of wrongful or unwholesome deeds or thoughts. In particular, the term denotes the defilements (kleśas) and actions which ...
Arhat

Arhat  

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Religion
(Skt., worthy one; Pāli, arahant).One who has attained the goal of enlightenment or awakening (bodhi). Essentially, Arhatship consists in the eradication of the outflows (āśrava) and the destruction ...
aśaikṣa-mārga

aśaikṣa-mārga  

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Religion
(Skt.). The path of ‘no more learning’, the last of the five paths to Buddhahood (pañca-mārga), when all defilements (kleśa) and perverse views about the knowable—such as a belief in an inherent, ...
asmita

asmita  

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Religion
One of the five defilements (kleśas) according to Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra. It denotes the individual's erroneous association with their body, including the contents of their mind (a kind of egoistic ...
avidyā

avidyā  

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Religion
(Skt.; Pāli, avijjā).Ignorance; in Buddhism it refers specifically to ignorance about the workings of karma.the Four Noble Truths, and the Three Jewels (triratna). Avidyā is the root cause of ...
caitta

caitta  

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Religion
(Skt.). Term in Buddhist psychology (being a later form of caitasika) denoting derivative mental states or functions of the mind (citta). Lists of these, derived from the sūtras and differing in ...
Council of Lhasa

Council of Lhasa  

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Religion
A name used somewhat misleadingly by certain Western Scholars to refer to a debate held at Samyé (and not the Tibetan capital, Lhasa) in the year 742 ce on the disputed question of whether ...
darśana-mārga

darśana-mārga  

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Religion
(Skt.). The ‘path of seeing’, the third of the five paths (pañca-mārga) to Buddhahood. Through the path of seeing, uncertainty (vicikitsā), false views (dṛṣṭi), and spiritual defilements (kleśa) are ...
dharma-kāya

dharma-kāya  

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(Skt.). The Truth Body, one aspect of the ‘three bodies of the Buddha’ (trikāya), which functions as the ground for the other two aspects, namely the Enjoyment Body (saṃbhoga-kāya) and the Emanation ...
Kitthiwutthō Phikkhu

Kitthiwutthō Phikkhu  

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Religion
(1936– ).Thai monk, also known by his Pāli name Kittivuḍḍho Bhikkhu. Ordained in 1957 he began to speak out on political issues when Thailand was rocked by large student demonstrations between 1973 ...
kriyā-yoga

kriyā-yoga  

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Religion
1 One of two types of yoga outlined in Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra, where it is described as consisting of tapas (penance), study (svādhyāya), and devotion to Ῑśvara (2.1–2). Its purpose is to produce ...
luminous mind

luminous mind  

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Religion
The ‘intrinsically luminous mind’ or ‘brightly shining mind’ (Skt., prakṛti-prabhāsvara-citta) is a concept first noted in certain early discourses and later adopted by the Mahāyāna. It refers to the ...
mana

mana  

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Religion
(Pāli, Skt.).Pride, conceit; a moral fault in Buddhism. It takes three forms: thinking of oneself as inferior to, equal to, or better than others.
niyama

niyama  

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Religion
The second of the ‘outer limbs’ (bahir-aṅga) of the aṣṭāṅga-yoga (‘eight-limbed yoga’) outlined in Patañjali's Yoga Sūtra (2.28–55, 3.1–8). Niyama has five aspects: moral and psycho-physical purity ...
pañca-mārga

pañca-mārga  

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Religion
(Skt., ‘five paths’).Five stages in Buddhist progress (cf. bhūmi): (i) sambhāramarga, path of accumulation; (ii) prayogamarga, path of preparation; (iii) darśana-marga, path of seeing; (iv) ...
puṇya-jñāna-saṃbhāra

puṇya-jñāna-saṃbhāra  

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Religion
(Skt.). The accumulation of merit and awareness. According to Mahāyāna teachings, a being needs to accumulate sufficient stores of merit and awareness to progress along the path. Merit (puṇya) is ...
raga

raga  

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Music
Indian melodic type, first mentioned in 5th cent. ad. Various rãga systems have developed over the centuries. A rãga comprises an unchangeable series of notes presented as an ascending and descending ...
saṃskāra

saṃskāra  

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Religion
(Skt, formation; Pāli, saṇkhāra). The constructing activities that form, shape or condition the moral and spiritual development of the individual. The saṃskāra-skandha is the fourth of the five ...

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