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Overview

kinship

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abduction

abduction  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Wrongfully taking away or detaining another person, usually by force or fraud. See child abduction; false imprisonment; kidnapping.
affinal relations

affinal relations  

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Overview Page
Relations through marriage rather than descent (or consanguineal relations). See also kinship.
African Customs of Marriage

African Customs of Marriage  

Patterns and practices of marriage in Africa.In Africa as elsewhere, marriage as an institution creates alliances and maintains group cohesion by perpetuating links based on descent. Through a ...
age

age  

The duration of time a person has lived. Age is conventionally defined from the time of birth, which counts as zero, and is measured in completed years of life. For some purposes, age is measured ...
agnate

agnate  

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In Roman law, agnati were a group of males and females who were related through a common ancestor, and thus came under a single family authority. The modern use in social anthropology relates to ...
Alfred Louis Kroeber

Alfred Louis Kroeber  

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(1876–1960) [Bi]American anthropologist and archaeologist who advocated the efficiency of seriation as a means of understanding artefact sequences. He formally defined the idea of the horizon style. ...
alliance theory

alliance theory  

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Generally associated with the structuralist anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, the theory argues that in kinship systems, inheritance and the continuation of the vertical line (descent) are less ...
American Indian Rights Movement

American Indian Rights Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Women have formed the very core of indigenous resistance to Euroamerican domination since the first moment of conflict between Indians and European invaders. A traditional Cheyenne saying claims that ...
Amhara

Amhara  

Ethnic group of Ethiopia.The Amhara, one of the two largest ethnic groups of Ethiopia, occupy central and western Ethiopia. Traditionally, the Amhara have been the country's dominant people—all but ...
anthropology

anthropology  

In philosophical usage, a general theory of human nature, sometimes thought to be the necessary foundation of history and all social sciences. The philosophy of anthropology considers such issues as ...
Audoin

Audoin  

(c.600–684)St Audoin (Ouen), a native of the Soissonnais, belonged to the powerful aristocratic kinship group that supported the activities of the Columbanian missionaries in Neustria-Burgundy. ...
authority

authority  

Legitimate power, decision-making capacity, and the means to cause others to obey. The word applies both to the abstract quality and to the individual or organization in command.
avunculate

avunculate  

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A pattern of kinship in which the uncle—usually the mother's brother—has important responsibilities toward the sons of a family. This pattern is widespread in matrilineal societies, particularly ...
band societies

band societies  

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Small societies that rely primarily on hunting and gathering for subsistence. Band societies have a prominent place in theories of cultural evolution, where they typically describe the first extended ...
Beguines

Beguines  

A member of a lay sisterhood in the Low Countries, formed in the 12th century and not bound by vows; members were allowed to leave their societies for marriage. They are still represented by small ...
bifurcation

bifurcation  

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Subject:
Law
Dividing in two. In penology, the concept of classifying crimes into those serious offences for which imprisonment is absolutely necessary and all other offences which can be dealt with by ...
bilateral descent

bilateral descent  

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Refers to kinship systems that acknowledge descent through both sexes, as opposed to unilineal systems that privilege one or the other sex. Also known as cognatic descent. See also descent ...
blood brother

blood brother  

Fictive kinship relationship apparently entered into by exchanging oaths. Although the phenomenon is known cross-culturally, the most important medieval manifestations are from the North. The terms ...
Bobo

Bobo  

Ethnic group living predominantly in southern Burkina Faso.The Bobo were among the earliest settlers of the semiarid savanna region of southwestern Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta). Similarities ...
Bronislaw Malinowski

Bronislaw Malinowski  

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(1884–1942)Polish-born British anthropologist who developed the functionalist approach to social anthropology, which sought to explain social phenomena in terms of their functional ...

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