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Martin Luther King

(1929—1968) American Baptist minister and civil rights leader

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A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
Abraham Joshua Heschel

Abraham Joshua Heschel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Religious philosopher (1907–72). Heschel was descended on both his father's and mother's side from a long line of Hasidic Zaddikim. Heschel himself seemed destined to occupy the role of a Hasidic ...
African American Religion.

African American Religion.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The religious beliefs of so large and diverse a population cannot be unified into a single, artificial scheme. The African dispersion has now mingled with many other sources, and black ...
Alabama

Alabama  

Alabama became a new immigrant destination at the end of the twentieth century. Latino immigrants and migrants, primarily from Mexico and Central America, have brought dramatic demographic, economic, ...
Albany Movement

Albany Movement  

The Albany Movement began in Georgia in the fall of 1961 and ended in the summer of 1962. It was considered one of the first mass movements in the twentieth-century ...
Alex Haley

Alex Haley  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1921–),born in Ithaca, N.Y., after service with the coast guard (1939–59), in which he was a journalist, became the aid or ghost writer of The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965). Then, intrigued by a ...
Andrew Young

Andrew Young  

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Overview Page
(b. 12 March 1932),civil rights activist, politician, and ambassador. Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, Andrew Jackson Young Jr. was the son of Andrew Jackson Young Sr., a dentist, and ...
Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates  

As the number of Nobel Peace Prize winners and Nobel laureates increased in the twentieth century, individual and groups of laureates began the practice of issuing statements or appeals linked ...
Atlanta

Atlanta  

The state capital of Georgia, which during the Civil War was a Confederate stronghold. Its loss in 1864 to the Union forces under Sherman after a long siege was a turning point in the Civil War.
baptists

baptists  

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Overview Page
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History
A person who practises baptism; The Baptist is the epithet of St John of Chancery.A Baptist is a member of a Protestant Christian denomination advocating baptism only of adult believers by total ...
Baptists and African Americans

Baptists and African Americans  

No faith has been more closely associated with the African American community historically than the Baptist Church. In the colonial period sectarian Baptists were some of the first Christians to ...
Barbara Deming

Barbara Deming  

Barbara Deming (1918–1939) was an American writer, film analyst, and nonviolent activist whose acute insights into human psychology underpin her philosophy of nonviolent political action. She was at ...
Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin  

(b. 17 March 1912; d. 24 August 1987),civil rights organizer. Born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Florence Rustin and Archie Hopkins, Bayard Taylor Rustin was one of the most ...
Benjamin E. Mays

Benjamin E. Mays  

(1894–1984)Benjamin Elijah Mays was born on 1 August 1894 (or possibly 1895) near Rambo (now Epworth), South Carolina. He received his BA with honors from Bates College in Maine ...
Billy Graham

Billy Graham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1918– )US evangelist who has conducted large religious meetings throughout the world. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1996.Born into a ...
Birmingham Campaign

Birmingham Campaign  

The Birmingham Campaign, waged throughout 1963 and 1964, represented one of the turning points in the long-term success of the American civil rights movement. The shocking scenes of civil rights ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
Black Power

Black Power  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Originating as a movement in the 1960s, it was developed into a coherent ideology by Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton in their book Black Power (1969). It called upon African Americans to take ...
Book of Armagh

Book of Armagh  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A 9th-cent. vellum codex now in Trinity College, Dublin. It contains a collection of documents relating to St Patrick, a complete non-Vulgate Latin NT, and a copy of the Life of St Martin of Tours by ...
Borden Parker Bowne

Borden Parker Bowne  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1847–1910)Borden ParkerBowne was born on 14 January 1847 near Leonardville, New Jersey. He was one of six children of upright parents raised in rural New Jersey, near what is ...

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