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Ernest J. King

(1878—1956)

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Admiral Harold R. Stark

Admiral Harold R. Stark  

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(1880–1972),US naval officer who, as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), held the highest post in the US Navy at the time the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in December 1941. ...
Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner

Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner  

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(1885–1961),US naval officer who proved to be the most gifted amphibious commander the Pacific war produced.Though he was one of the US Navy's most outstanding pre-war planners—he wrote ...
aircraft carrier

aircraft carrier  

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History
A large warship equipped to serve as a base for aircraft that can take off from and land on its deck.
amphibious warfare

amphibious warfare  

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Warfare consisting of attacks launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft and involving the landing and establishing of forces on a hostile shore.[...]
Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham

Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham  

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(1883–1963)British admiral. At the beginning of World War II he was commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. Here he was faced with an Italian fleet that was numerically superior to his own. However, ...
Battle of Guadalcanal

Battle of Guadalcanal  

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A long-running air, sea, and land battle on the island of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in World War II. The Japanese had initially targeted the island as a strategic ...
Charles Power

Charles Power  

(1888–1968),Canadian Liberal politician who was appointed minister of national defence for air in Mackenzie King's government in May 1940 and associate minister of national defence the following ...
Doolittle Raid

Doolittle Raid  

A daring raid of aircraft-carrier launched American bombers on Tokyo in April 1942. Plans for a precision-targeted campaign had to be abandoned at the last minute owing to unexpected obstacles ...
George Catlett Marshall

George Catlett Marshall  

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History
(1880–1959)US general, administrator, and diplomat, who organized the massive expansion in US armed forces during World War II and implemented the programme of economic aid to postwar Europe known as ...
Hyde Park Declaration

Hyde Park Declaration  

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Economic agreement between Canada and the USA which was signed by Roosevelt and Mackenzie King on 20 April 1941 at Hyde Park, the American president's home on the Hudson River. ...
Joint Chiefs of Staff

Joint Chiefs of Staff  

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JCS or J.C.S. the primary military advisory group to the president of the United States, comprised of the chiefs of each of the armed forces—the Air Force, Army, Navy—and the commandant of the Marine ...
Joint Chiefs of Staff committee

Joint Chiefs of Staff committee  

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Principal US inter-service body which formed the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) committee with its UK counterpart, the British Chiefs of Staff (COS). Under the American president, it was responsible ...
Naval Administration

Naval Administration  

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Overview Page
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History
Naval administration is a broad term for managerial activities and organizational structures that transform policy and political ambitions into naval power and operations at sea. It is therefore the ...
OCTAGON

OCTAGON  

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Codename for the second Quebec conference held from 12 to 16 September 1944 to discuss future Allied strategy (see Grand Alliance). Present were Churchill and Roosevelt, and their diplomatic and ...
Pacific campaign

Pacific campaign  

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(1941–45)The naval and amphibious engagements in the Pacific during World War II. The war spread to the Pacific when Japanese aircraft attacked the US naval base of Pearl Harbor in 1941. Japan was ...
Philippines campaign

Philippines campaign  

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(1944–45)The US campaign that recaptured the Philippines in World War II. In the Battle of the Philippine Sea, fought in June 1944 by aircraft carriers while US forces were securing required bases in ...
Task Force 57

Task Force 57  

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Was the designation of the combined British Pacific Fleet (Task Force 112) and its Fleet Train (Task Force 113), which operated in the Pacific war from March to August 1945 ...
Task Force 58

Task Force 58  

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In March 1943 Admiral King, C-in-C US Navy, numbered all the units of the US fleets, and the Fast Carrier Force of Vice-Admiral Spruance's Fifth US Fleet was designated Task ...
U.S. High Command

U.S. High Command  

The U.S. group that conferred with Allied nations and was responsible for initiating and planning strategy during World War II. Its members were President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Vice President Harry ...
western hemisphere

western hemisphere  

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In July 1940 Roosevelt declared at the Havana conference that the USA would be responsible for the defence of the western hemisphere. This area was then defined by Admiral King ...

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