Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

Karaites

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 64 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Aaron ben Elijah

Aaron ben Elijah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(?1328–69).Karaite Jewish philosopher and exegete. His greatest work was the trilogy Ez Hayyim (Tree of Life), Gan Eden (Garden of Eden), and Keter Torah (Crown of the Law).
Aaron ben Moses Ben Asher

Aaron ben Moses Ben Asher  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Early 10th cent. ce).Jewish biblical scholar. A contemporary of Saadiah Gaon, he was well known as a masorete (see MASORAH). Although a Karaite, his vocalization of the scriptures carried ...
Abraham ibn da'ud

Abraham ibn da'ud  

(early 12th c. – c.1180)Jewish philosopher, born at Cordova, Abraham Ibn Da'ud lived mainly at Toledo, where he may have suffered martyrdom. His main work, Emuna rama (Sublime faith) ...
Abraham IbnEzra

Abraham IbnEzra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1089–1164).Jewish philosopher, poet, and biblical commentator. He wrote both secular and religious poetry, commentaries on all the books of the Bible (those to the early prophets, Chronicles, ...
Aharon Ben Eliyyahu

Aharon Ben Eliyyahu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1328–1369), Karaite scholar born in Nicomedia and active in Constantinople. He was frequently referred to as Aharon the Younger to distinguish him from Aharon ben Yosef ha-Rofe’, the Elder. Aharon ...
Aharon Ben Yosef Ha-Rofe’

Aharon Ben Yosef Ha-Rofe’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1250–1320), Karaite scholar and exegete, known as the Elder to distinguish him from Aharon ben Eliyyahu, the Younger, who lived about a century later. The sole fact known about Aharon ...
Anan ben David

Anan ben David  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(8th cent. bce).Jewish Babylonian sage, regarded as the founder of Karaism. According to Karaite legend, when the exilarchate of Babylon was bestowed on Anan's younger brother, Anan consequently ...
anthropomorphism

anthropomorphism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The representation of Gods, or nature, or non-human animals, as having human form, or as having human thoughts and intentions. Sometimes this is avowedly metaphorical, the problem being to understand ...
articles of faith

articles of faith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(ikkarim, Heb., ‘roots’).Formulations of Jewish belief. These are not as important as are creeds in Christianity, since every person born of a Jewish mother is automatically a Jew irrespective ...
Avelei Tsiyyon

Avelei Tsiyyon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(; Mourners for Zion [based on Is. 61.3]), groups of Jews who, after the destruction of the Second Temple, observed daily mourning customs and ascetic practices and devoted much time ...
Avraham Ben Yo’shiyyahu Yerushalmi

Avraham Ben Yo’shiyyahu Yerushalmi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 1685–1734), Karaite scholar and author. He lived in Chufut-Kale, Crimea, although he reports that he wandered elsewhere, and evidently supported himself by teaching children and serving as a ...
Avraham Ibn Daud

Avraham Ibn Daud  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1110–1180), Spanish philosopher, historian, physician, and astronomer; known by his initials as Ravad. He was born in Cordova, Spain; fled from the Almohade persecutions to Castile in 1146; and ...
bible Exegesis

bible Exegesis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The interpretation and exposition of the biblical text, in order to apply it practically or as a form of study in its own right. The earliest exegesis can be found ...
Binyamin Ben Moshe Nahawendi

Binyamin Ben Moshe Nahawendi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(9th cent.), Karaite scholar. He lived sixty or seventy years after ʿAnan ben David and is considered one of the founders of the Karaite sect; indeed, the earliest use of ...
Birkat Ha-ḥodesh

Birkat Ha-ḥodesh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(; Blessing of the New Moon), public announcement of the day(s) of the forthcoming Ro’shḤodesh (first of the month) made in the synagogue on the preceding Sabbath, after the reading ...
Cairo Geniza

Cairo Geniza  

A collection of medieval Jewish MSS found in a storage room of the Ben Ezra synagogue in Old Cairo (al-*Fustat). Jewish tradition prohibits destroying or throwing away sacred documents out ...
controversies

controversies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There have been numerous controversies in the history of Judaism. In the Middle Ages for example, the Jewish world, after the death of Maimonides in the early thirteenth century, was divided over the ...
Daniyyeʾl Ben Moshe Al- Qumisi

Daniyyeʾl Ben Moshe Al- Qumisi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.840–900), Karaite scholar. Born in the Persian province of Qumis, by 875 he was living in Jerusalem, where he became a leader of the Avelei Tsiyyon. Qumisi was the first ...
David Alfasi

David Alfasi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(10th cent.), Karaite lexicographer and commentator. He was born in Fez, Morocco, and lived for a number of years in Jerusalem, where he wrote his Kitab Jamiʿ al-Alfaz, a Judeo- ...
Duran Family

Duran Family  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A family of rabbis and scholars.Shimʿon ben Tsemah. Duran (1361–1444), rabbinic authority and religious philosopher known by the acronym Rashbats. He studied in his native Majorca and in Aragon. ...

View: