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Juvenal

(c. 60—130 ad)

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A. E. Housman

A. E. Housman  

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Literature
(1859–1936)British poet and classical scholar.The eldest son of a Worcestershire solicitor, Housman was educated at Bromsgrove School. Despite the death of their mother (1870), the family was in ...
Anna Laetitia Barbauld

Anna Laetitia Barbauld  

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Literature
(1743–1825)Née Aikin, poet and editor. Born in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, she was educated by her mother. Her father, a Nonconformist minister, taught at the Dissenting college at Warrington ...
Atellana

Atellana  

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(sc. fabula), in origin a native Italian farce. It was a masked drama, largely improvised, with stock characters. It became a literary form for a short time in the period of Sulla. Atellanae ...
bilingualism

bilingualism  

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Widespread bilingualism at some level was characteristic of the ancient world. Latin and esp. Greek were the languages of culture and education (in the Roman empire, Latin was the language of law and ...
bread and circuses

bread and circuses  

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A term referring to the potential of spectator sports and mass spectacle to divert populations or factions of a population away from the weightier business of politics and society, and to entertain ...
classical literature

classical literature  

(see also classical antiquity; Latin; Geoffrey Chaucer: reading). Medieval writers did not make as strict a distinction between classical and later Latin literature as did the humanists of the ...
Curtius Montanus

Curtius Montanus  

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(RE 21)was prosecuted under Nero for his satiric poems, at the same time as Thrasea Paetus and Helvidius Priscus were condemned for treason. He was excluded from holding any ...
Democritus

Democritus  

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Philosophy
(b. c.460 bc),a celebrated Greek philosopher, born at Abdera. He advanced (with Leucippus) the theory that the world was formed by the concourse of atoms, the theory subsequently expounded by ...
gentilesse

gentilesse  

Is the abstract term for the quality expressed by the various meanings of its etymologically related adj. gentil, i.e. (1) ‘of noble birth’ (2) ‘of noble character’ (3) ‘excellent’, ‘superior’ ...
Heliodorus

Heliodorus  

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A popular surgeon of the time of Juvenal (who lived c. ad 60–140; cf. Juvenal 6. 373), probably from Egypt. He belonged to the Pneumatic school (see Pneumatists).Works(1) ...
John Oldham

John Oldham  

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Literature
(1653–83),is chiefly remembered for his ironical Satire against Virtue (1679) and Satires upon the Jesuits (1681). His Poems and Translations appeared in 1683. Dryden commemorated him and his verse ...
Julius Julia

Julius Julia  

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Etc. For Roman personal names in ‘J’ (not a letter of the Latin alphabet) see under ‘I’, except for Julian, Justin, Justinian, and Juvenal.
Latin literature

Latin literature  

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The standard reference works are in German: (1) M. Schanz, C. Hosius, and G. Krüger, Geschichte der römischen Literatur (in I. von Müller's Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft): 4th edn., 1: Die ...
Latin metre

Latin metre  

A tradition of writing Latin verses on the quantitative model of those of Classical Greek literature maintained itself from 240 bc down to the end of the western empire. The relation of the so‐called ...
Latin papyrology

Latin papyrology  

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In comparison with Greek papyri Latin papyri are uncommon, even when ‘papyri’ is understood in a wide sense so as to include ostraca and parchment scraps. This is because the ...
London

London  

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Literature
A poem by Dr Johnson, published anonymously 1738, in imitation of the Third Satire of Juvenal. Thales (perhaps Savage), disgusted with London, and about to leave for Wales, reflects on London's vices ...
Lucilius

Lucilius  

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Friend of Seneca (2) the Younger and the recipient of his On Providence, Natural Questions, and Ethical Epistles; b. in Campania, without wealth or prospects. Talent, literary style, and ...
Martial

Martial  

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[Na]Roman writer, born at Biblius, Spain, in c.ad 43, who moved to Rome in ad 66. The majority of his writings are epigrams which afford valuable information on every aspect of life at the time. He ...
Messalina

Messalina  

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(c. 22–48 bc),Roman empress, third wife of Claudius. She became notorious in Rome for the murders she instigated and for her extramarital affairs, and was executed on Claudius' orders, after the ...
metaphor and simile

metaphor and simile  

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Are features of literary language that have been extensively discussed by theorists and critics since antiquity. The first purposeful investigations are Aristotle's. By the time of Quintilian ...

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