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Justinian's codification

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advocacy

advocacy  

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Arguing and/or acting in support of a particular cause, policy, group of people, etc. This is a major activity of many public health associations and local health departments, some of which designate ...
Aelius Marcianus

Aelius Marcianus  

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(RE 88)a lawyer of the early 3rd cent. ad, probably from the eastern provinces. Mainly a teacher, he does not seem to have given responsa (consultative opinions). His extensive ...
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Antistius Labeo, Marcus

Antistius Labeo, Marcus  

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Was a leading Roman lawyer in the time of Augustus. His father, also a lawyer, was killed fighting for the republican cause. As a member of a commission to reconstitute the senate in 18 bc he showed ...
Arcadius Charisius, Aurelius

Arcadius Charisius, Aurelius  

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A Roman lawyer and magister libellorum (master of petitions) of the age of Diocletian, was assigned by some earlier scholars to the time of Constantine or later, partly because of ...
blasphemy

blasphemy  

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Religion
The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French and ecclesiastical Latin from Greek blasphēmia ...
Caecilius Africanus, Sextus

Caecilius Africanus, Sextus  

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(RE 29)a Roman lawyer of the mid-2nd cent. ad and pupil of Iulianus probably came from Thuburbo Minus (mod. Tebourba) in Tunisia. He was dead when Gellius (Noctes Atticae ...
Callistratus

Callistratus  

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(RE Suppl. 3 225–9),a provincial Roman lawyer of the reign of Septimius Severus (ad 193–211) whose name points to a Greek background. Besides dealing with the provincial governor's edict ...
Candlemas

Candlemas  

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Religion
[Ge]A traditional calendar festival in northern Europe celebrated in recent times on 2 February, the Christian feast of the purification of the Virgin Mary.
canon

canon  

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Religion
The Greek word originally meant a rod or bar; it came to be used of the rules of an art or trade or to signify a list or catalogue. In Christian language it denotes the list of Books regarded by the ...
Cervidius Scaevola, Quintus

Cervidius Scaevola, Quintus  

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(RE 1)a leading Roman lawyer of the later 2nd cent. ad, probably came from Carthage and, through his wife, had a close connection with Nemausus (Nîmes). Perhaps a pupil ...
codex

codex  

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting a block ...
constitutions

constitutions  

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The generic name for legislative enactments by Roman emperors: edicts, decrees (judicial decisions), rescripts (written answers to officials or petitioners).
Domitius Ulpianus

Domitius Ulpianus  

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Came from Tyre, where an inscription honouring him has been found. He followed an equestrian career in Rome, drafting replies to petitions (see constitutions) for Septimius Severus, to judge from ...
ecstasy

ecstasy  

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Religion
(Greek, standing outside)A state in which normal sense experience is suspended and the subject becomes joyfully conscious of higher things, although what the subject is aware of is then not typically ...
Gaius

Gaius  

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The famous 2nd‐cent. ad law teacher, was lecturing in 160/1 and still alive in 178. Though a Roman citizen, he was known, and apparently chose to be known, by the single undistinctive name ‘Gaius’. ...
guardianship

guardianship  

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GreeceThe development of the law of guardianship in Greece and Rome was influenced by the change in the conception of guardianship itself, which began as a right of preserving and protecting the ...
Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia  

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Religion
The church at Constantinople, dedicated to the ‘Holy Wisdom’ (i.e. the Person of Christ), was built under Justinian and consecrated in 538. Its chief feature is the huge dome which crowns the ...
Herennius Modestinus

Herennius Modestinus  

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(RE 31)a lawyer of the first half of the 3rd cent. ad and a pupil of Ulpian, had connections in Pontus (northern Turkey). In Caracalla's reign he consulted Ulpian ...
Hermogenianus, Aurelius (?)

Hermogenianus, Aurelius (?)  

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A Roman lawyer of the late 3rd and early 4th cent. ad; of a systematic cast of mind, he came from the eastern empire and, to judge from evidence both of style and access to material, was Diocletian's ...

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