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Aachen

Aachen  

(town, palace) West central German town, known for its hot springs. Aachen’s significance is linked to Charlemagne, who created a Carolingian palace complex there, where he was buried. Successive ...
Aberdeen Philosophical Society

Aberdeen Philosophical Society  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Also known as the Wise Club, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society was founded in January 1758 and continued to meet until the spring or early summer of 1773. The Society was ...
acquis communautaire

acquis communautaire  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
[French]The body of Community legislation and judgments of the European Court of Justice by which all EU member states are bound.
Adalbero of Laon

Adalbero of Laon  

(c.947–1030)Politically active bishop of Laon (r. 977–1030). Adalbero is notorious for betraying Charles of Lorraine, the last Carolingian claimant to the throne, whom he turned over to Hugh Capet ...
Alasdair C. MacIntyre

Alasdair C. MacIntyre  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1929– )Foremost Aristotelian moral and political philosopher. An engaged and foreful critic of liberalism, MacIntyre has moved the basis of his assault from Marxism to Thomism. His pessimistic ...
Amartya Kumar Sen

Amartya Kumar Sen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– )Nobel prize-winning economist and social theorist. Educated at Presidency College, Calcutta and then at Trinity College Cambridge, Sen used the time of a Junior Research Fellowship to study ...
ancient Middle Eastern law

ancient Middle Eastern law  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
This entry covers Mesopotamia and Egypt. The principal sources for law in ancient Mesopotamia are law collections, king's edicts (misharum edicts), and contemporaneous public and private legal ...
Anna Wheeler

Anna Wheeler  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1785–1848)Closely associated with Mary Wollstonecraft, Anna Wheeler was a radical feminist and an Irish Protestant. A keen advocate of women's rights, she wrote that ‘with the emancipation of women ...
applied ethics

applied ethics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The subject that applies ethics to actual practical problems, such as those of abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of animals, or other environmental, legal, political, and social problems. See also ...
archpriest

archpriest  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A title of certain clerics in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. From the 5th cent. on, the archpriest was the senior presbyter of a city, who might take the bishop's place at liturgical ...
Armchair Detective

Armchair Detective  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Is a phrase that describes a type of fictional detective who solves crimes solely on the basis of secondhand information, rather than through personal observation of evidence. The first example ...
autonomy in applied ethics

autonomy in applied ethics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The concept of personal autonomy, used in a broad sense which goes beyond its Kantian origins, has been much invoked in recent writing on issues in applied ethics. It has ...
Ban, Banality

Ban, Banality  

The word “ban” (Latin bannum) is of Germanic origin; it was used in the first centuries of the Middle Ages to designate the power of command acknowledged to belong to ...
Basil Montagu

Basil Montagu  

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Subject:
Literature
(1770–1851),a friend of Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Godwin; his young son (also Basil) lived with the Wordsworths during their West Country period. He became a successful barrister and author; ...
benevolence

benevolence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
General desire for the good of others, and disposition to act so as to further that good. Moral philosophers may be more or less optimistic about the intensity and scope of such desire, or its ...
Benjamin Jowett

Benjamin Jowett  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1817–93),one of the legendary figures of late Victorian Oxford, was professor of Greek from 1855 and master of Balliol College from 1870. A Broad Churchman in the tradition of T. Arnold, he outraged ...
Bernard Saisset

Bernard Saisset  

(1232–1314) First bishop of Pamiers.For criticizing King Philip IV’s violation of ecclesiastical rights and use of ecclesiastical revenues, Bernard was imprisoned on the charge of high treason. Pope ...
Black Mask

Black Mask  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
American pulp magazine, specializing in hardboiled detective fiction. Originally founded (and later repudiated) by H. L. Mencken in 1920, Black Mask was at its peak under the editorship of Captain ...
Bluestocking Sleuth

Bluestocking Sleuth  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
“Bluestocking,” a term sometimes used derisively for women engaged in literary pursuits, was coined in the eighteenth century in reference to literary gatherings in London at which the guests ...
Brian Barry

Brian Barry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1936–2009).Among the leaders of the move in recent decades to make moral and political philosophy relevant to public policy and current political debates. As an intellectual descendant of the ...

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