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abjuration

abjuration  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The act of renouncing an idea, person, or thing to which one has previously adhered. In the past, RC canon law defined it as the external retractation, made before witnesses, of errors contrary to ...
Abraham

Abraham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Bible, the Hebrew patriarch from whom all Jews trace their descent (Genesis 11:27–25:10), directed by God to leave his own country for another land. In Genesis 22 he is ordered by God to ...
Agobard

Agobard  

(c.769–840), Abp. of Lyons from 816. He was a versatile scholar. He attacked the excessive veneration of images, trial by ordeal, and belief in witchcraft. He also wrote against the Adoptionist views ...
alien

alien  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens (temporarily ...
alms

alms  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Money or food given to poor people. Recorded from Old English (in the form ælmysse, ælmesse), the word comes via Christian Latin from Greek eleēmosunē ‘compassion’, and ultimately from eleos ‘mercy’.
Alvaro of Cordova

Alvaro of Cordova  

(9th c.)Alvaro was the most illustrious figure, along with his fellow disciple Abbot Eulogio, of the 9th-c. Mozarabic “martyr movement”, which struggled against the progress of Islam – or ...
Anti-Defamation League

Anti-Defamation League  

(ADL).Founded in 1913 by the Chicago Lawyer Sigmund Livingston with the sponsorship of the Jewish service organization B'nai B'rith “to stop the defamation of the Jewish people and to ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
Apocalypse

Apocalypse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The complete final destruction of the world, especially as described in the biblical book of Revelation. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes ultimately, via Old French and ecclesiastical ...
apocrypha

apocrypha  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of Scripture. The Old Testament Apocrypha include writings (dating from around 300 bc to ad 100) which appeared in the Septuagint ...
Apollos

Apollos  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A ‘learned’ Jew of Alexandria, apparently already a Christian, though ‘knowing only the baptism of John [the Baptist]’ (Acts 18: 24–5). M. Luther and others have argued that he was the author of the ...
apologetics

apologetics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In theology, the attempt to show that a faith is either provable by reason, or at least consistent with reason. More generally, the attempts to defend a doctrine.
Apostolic Council

Apostolic Council  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Council of Jerusalem described in Acts 15 is sometimes called the Apostolic Council though it was presided over by James, brother of the Lord and not himself one of the Twelve. The account in ...
Arabian mythology

Arabian mythology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Muslims consider the pre-Islamic age as the Jahiliyah, or “Age of Ignorance”—that is, the time before the revelations of Allah (al-Lah, “the god”) to his prophet Muhammad. The Arabs were ...
Averroës

Averroës  

(c. 1126–98),Spanish-born Islamic philosopher, judge, and physician. His extensive body of work includes writings on jurisprudence, science, philosophy, and religion. His highly influential ...
Azariah de Rossi

Azariah de Rossi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Italian scholar, physician, and historian (c.1511–c.1578). Rossi is chiefly renowned for his Meor Eynayim, a study of aspects of Jewish history in which the author, a typical Renaissance man, used ...
Banu Israil

Banu Israil  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Phrase that occurs forty times in the Quran, referring to the historical Jewish community as the recipient of God's various favors, including being saved from Pharaoh and being preferred over other ...
Bible

Bible  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Christian scriptures, consisting of the Old and New Testaments; the Jewish scriptures, consisting of the Torah or Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa or Writings.The Bible is traditionally ...
Book of Exodus

Book of Exodus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This OT Book records the events attending the ‘Exodus’ (i.e. the release of the Israelites under Moses from their Egyptian bondage) and the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Its authorship has ...
Book of Jonah

Book of Jonah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Minor Prophet. The Book relates the Divine call to Jonah to go to Nineveh and preach repentance, his attempt to escape by sea, his being thrown overboard and swallowed by a fish, his deliverance ...

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