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Abijah

Abijah  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The best-known of four OT characters of this name was the son and successor of Rehoboam. He was king of Judah (911–908bce), after the disruption of the state into the separate kingdoms of Israel and ...
Adullam

Adullam  

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Religion
A place in the hills of Judah. When David fled from Saul he hid in a cave nearby and there gathered a supportive force of malcontents (1 Sam. 22: 1–2). Hence the term Adullamites applied by John ...
Ahaz

Ahaz  

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Religion
King of Judah, 735–715bce. The Assyrians were dominant, and Syria and Ephraim resolved to arrest their eastward expansion and tried to force Judah to join their coalition but Ahaz refused; Rezin of ...
alphabet

alphabet  

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1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
Amaziah

Amaziah  

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Religion
King of Judah, 800–783bce.He slaughtered 10,000 Edomites (2 Kgs. 14: 7) and his heart was so much lifted up by this feat that he rashly challenged Jehoash, king in Samaria of the larger country ...
Amos

Amos  

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Religion
(8th cent. bce).A prophet of the northern kingdom. The biblical book of his prophecy is considered to be the earliest of the prophetic books.
Asa

Asa  

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Religion
King of Judah, 911–870bce, who earns modified approval from 1 Kgs. 15: 14 for removing idols, but his alliance with Damascus displeased the Chronicler (2 Chron. 16: 9), who promised divine ...
Ashdod

Ashdod  

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Religion
A town under Philistine control to which the Ark of the Covenant was temporarily taken (1 Sam. 5: 6). Its walls were demolished by Uzziah, king of Judah (783–742bce) and later it was captured by the ...
Assyria

Assyria  

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Religion
An ancient country in what is now northern Iraq, and which from the early part of the 2nd millennium bc was the centre of a succession of empires; it was at its peak in the 8th and late 7th centuries ...
Athaliah

Athaliah  

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Religion
The only queen to rule Judah (843–837bce); she organized a purge of male rivals—except one, Joash, who murdered her and succeeded to the throne (2 Kgs. 11: 16).
Babylon

Babylon  

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Religion
An ancient city in Mesopotamia, the capital of Babylonia in the 2nd millennium bc under Hammurabi. The city (of which only ruins now remain) lay on the Euphrates and was noted by Classical writers ...
Babylonian captivity

Babylonian captivity  

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Religion
Period (586–538 bce) during which many Israelites were held in exile in Babylon. The phrase was applied by Petrarch to the Church during the period when the papacy was at Avignon (1309–77): see ...
Benjamin

Benjamin  

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Religion
The younger son of Jacob and Rachel (Gen. 35: 18), from whom the tribe of Benjamin claimed to be descended. He is mentioned as being close to Joseph, and this suggests that historically the ...
Bethlehem

Bethlehem  

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Religion
A small town to the south of Jerusalem, first mentioned in Egyptian records of the 14th century bc. It was the native city of King David and is the reputed birthplace of Jesus. (See also bedlam.)
Book of Chronicles

Book of Chronicles  

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Religion
These OT Books record the history of Israel and Judah from the creation to the return from Exile (c.539 bc). In the Hebrew Bible they are a single Book; the division goes back to the Septuagint, ...
city of Salt

city of Salt  

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Religion
A town given to the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15: 62; REB, Irmelach), considered to be Khirbet Qumran, where the community which wrote the Dead Sea scrolls was living.
David

David  

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Religion
Male forename.King David (d. c.962 bc), king of Judah and Israel. In the biblical account he was the youngest son of Jesse, who killed the Philistine Goliath and, on Saul's death, became king, making ...
deputy

deputy  

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Religion
Used by NRSV in 1 Kgs. 22: 47; ‘viceroy’, REB. Edom is being ruled by an official from Judah's king Jehoshaphat. In Acts 13: 7 the deputy (AV) at Paphos is more accurately described by NRSV as a ...
Deuteronomist

Deuteronomist  

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Religion
Either a single preacher or a group of like‐minded teachers in Judah who imposed a theological view with a distinctive oratorical style on the books of the OT, especially from Deuteronomy to 2 Kings ...
Deuteronomistic History

Deuteronomistic History  

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Religion
The name given by M. Noth and others to the Books Deut.–2 Kgs., all of which appear to have been compiled on the same editorial principle, i.e. independent units of material have been assembled and ...

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