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Achille Bizzoni

Achille Bizzoni  

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Literature
(1841–1904).Ardent Republican and Garibaldian from Pavia, whose journalism attacked the post-Unification government and its policies. He founded and directed a number of papers, his longest ...
Achille Campanile

Achille Campanile  

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Literature
(1900–77).Roman playwright, novelist, and journalist. His Futurist theatrical works, such as Centocinquanta la gallina canta (1925), won critical acclaim. But he had more popular success with novels ...
advertising

advertising  

A communication that is paid for by an identified sponsor with the object of promoting ideas, goods, or services. It is intended to persuade and sometimes to inform. The two basic aspects of ...
African Americans in the Broadcast Industry

African Americans in the Broadcast Industry  

The broadcast industry in the United States was born in the early 1920s as a result of the mass production of radios. It expanded significantly in the 1950s with the ...
Alba De Cespedes

Alba De Cespedes  

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Literature
(1911–97).Novelist. The daughter of a Cuban diplomat and an Italian mother, she spent her early life in various countries before returning to live in Rome where she had been ...
Alberto Bevilacqua

Alberto Bevilacqua  

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Literature
(1934– ).Novelist who is also a prolific journalist and cinema director. He achieved widespread popularity with La califfa (1964), which he adapted as his first film in 1966. His numerous ...
Alessandro Baricco

Alessandro Baricco  

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Literature
(1958– ).Novelist and journalist, who was born and works in Turin. His first book, Castelli di rabbia (1991), interwove two separate fantastical narratives. After Oceano mare (1993) came the very ...
Alfonso Gatto

Alfonso Gatto  

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Literature
(1909–1976), renowned Italian poet who was also an editor, journalist, and cultural broadcaster. Gatto cofounded the influential literary journal Campo di Marte, was jailed due to his anti-Fascist ...
Amsterdam News

Amsterdam News  

In 1909—the same year that W. E. B. Du Bois helped found the NAACP and that the African American Matthew Henson went with Robert Peary on what became the first ...
Andrea Rubbi

Andrea Rubbi  

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Literature
(1738–1807).Venetian literary journalist. A former Jesuit, in reaction to the prevailing gallomania he systematically championed Italian literature by editing twelve volumes of Elogi italiani, a vast ...
Angelo Brofferio

Angelo Brofferio  

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Literature
(1802–66).Writer and patriot, born near Asti, who became a politically active journalist in Turin and was elected in 1848 to the Piedmontese parliament, where he consistently opposed Cavour. He ...
Angelo Calogerà

Angelo Calogerà  

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Literature
(1699–1768).Benedictine monk, who played a leading role in Venetian state censorship of books and also in scholarly journalism. He edited Biblioteca universale (1725–6), Raccolta di opuscoli ...
antebellum

antebellum  

Occurring or existing before a particular war, especially the American Civil War.
Anton Giulio Barrili

Anton Giulio Barrili  

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Literature
(1836–1908).Journalist and prolific writer of contemporary and historical narratives and plays. His patriotic memoirs, Con Garibaldi alle porte (1895), present a vivid evocation of the Wars of ...
Antonio Beltramelli

Antonio Beltramelli  

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Literature
(1879–1930).Writer and journalist. His first novel, Gli uomini rossi (1904), is a Romeo and Juliet tale of conflict in his native Romagna between Catholics and republicans (rossi); in the ...
Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci  

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Literature
(1891–1937)Italian intellectual and founder of the Italian Communist Party.Born in Alès, Sardinia, Gramsci was educated at the University of Turin, where he studied history and philosophy. As a ...
Arrigo Benedetti

Arrigo Benedetti  

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Literature
(1910–76).Journalist and novelist from Lucca. After early journalism for Il Selvaggio, he wrote for Oggi and Omnibus in Rome and gradually distanced himself from Fascism. He began publishing fiction ...
Arrigo Cajumi

Arrigo Cajumi  

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Literature
(1899–1955).Journalist and critic from Turin, who wrote for La Stampa and for the anti-Fascist Il Baretti and La rivoluzione liberale. He was one of the main figures behind the ...
Arturo Onofri

Arturo Onofri  

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Literature
(1885–1928)wrote poetry and literary journalism whilst working for the Red Cross in his native Rome. Liriche (1907), Poemi tragici (1908), and Canti delle oasi (1909) draw on Bergson and ...
Associated Negro Press

Associated Negro Press  

The most prominent black print news service of the first half of the twentieth century, the Associated Negro Press (ANP) was created by Claude Barnett, a former advertisement representative for ...

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