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John Paul II

(1920—2005) Polish cleric, pope 1978–2005

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Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission

Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission  

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(ARCIC).A joint commission of the RC Church and the Anglican Communion, intended to further the goal of visible unity between the two bodies. Set up after a meeting in 1966 between Pope Paul VI and ...
anticlericalism

anticlericalism  

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The opposition to the secular influence of the Church, usually the Roman Catholic Church. It was a major theme in the domestic politics of several European countries during the late nineteenth ...
Benedict XVI

Benedict XVI  

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(1927– )Pope (2005– ). After teaching theology at the universities of Bonn, Münster, and Tübingen, he was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising and created a cardinal in 1977. Pope John Paul II ...
Benedict XVI

Benedict XVI  

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(19 April 2005–  )The son of Josef, an inspector of police, and his wife Maria, a cook, Josef Ratzinger was born on 16 Apr. 1927 in the small Bavarian village of Marktl-am-Inn north-east of Munich ...
Billy Graham

Billy Graham  

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1918– )US evangelist who has conducted large religious meetings throughout the world. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1996.Born into a ...
Bl. John XXIII

Bl. John XXIII  

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(28 Oct. 1958–3June 1963)Third of thirteen children in a family of frugal peasant farmers, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was born on 25 Nov. 1881 at Sotto il Monte, 12 km from Bergamo. After attending the ...
Catechism of the Catholic Church

Catechism of the Catholic Church  

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A comprehensive account of RC teaching. While covering the various areas of the faith, such as sacraments and prayer, it also includes material on such modern ethical problems as the sale of organs ...
Catholic Church

Catholic Church  

Is the denomination of Western Christianity in communion with the Pope that traces its faith in Jesus Christ to the community formed around the apostles. Since the European Reformation of ...
Christianity in Korea

Christianity in Korea  

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Religion
The first Korean Christians were prisoners captured during the Japanese invasions of 1592–8 and converted in Japan. The second introduction of Christianity was from China, where Korean envoys ...
Christianity in Nicaragua

Christianity in Nicaragua  

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Religion
Catholic Christianity came to Nicaragua in the 16th cent. with the Spanish conquest of the western and central parts (completed by 1524). Because Nicaragua was at the periphery of the Spanish Empire, ...
Codex Iuris Canonici

Codex Iuris Canonici  

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(Lat., Code of Canon Law).The collection of all laws obtaining in the Roman Catholic churches of the Latin Rite—the Eastern or Oriental Rite churches have their own Codex.
contraception

contraception  

(kon-tră-sep-shŏn)the prevention of unwanted pregnancy. See coitus (interruptus), condom, diaphragm, IUCD, IUS, oral contraceptive, postcoital (contraception), rhythm method, ...
Cuba

Cuba  

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Cuba now has elements of a market economy. Political change has been slower.Around one-quarter of Cuba's territory is mountainous, with three main systems, of which the most extensive is the Sierra ...
Curia

Curia  

The Papal court and its functionaries, especially those through whom the government of the RC Church is administered. It includes the Roman Congregations, Tribunals, and Pontifical Councils, and acts ...
encyclical

encyclical  

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A papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular, general’.
Fatima

Fatima  

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A village in Portugal, where in 1917 it was reported that apparitions of the Virgin Mary appeared; it is now the site of a Marian shrine.
Focolare

Focolare  

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(Ital., ‘hearth’). A lay movement, predominantly RC but with ecumenical membership and aspirations. Officially styled ‘Opera di Maria’ (‘Work of Mary’), it was founded at Trent, N. Italy, by Chiara ...
Georges-Yves Congar

Georges-Yves Congar  

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(1904–95), French Dominican theologian. He developed a passionate interest in ecclesiology and ecumenism. In a controversial article he ascribed the alienation of French culture from the Church to ...
Haiti

Haiti  

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House of DessalinesHouse of ChristopheHouse of SoulouqueHeinl, R. D., Jr., and N. G. Heinl, Written in Blood: the Story of the Haitian People, 1492–1971 (Boston, 1978).1804–1806Jacques I ...
Hans Küng

Hans Küng  

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(1928– )Swiss Roman Catholic theologian, whose doubts about current Vatican teaching led Pope John Paul II to ban him from teaching theology.Born near Lucerne, Küng was educated at the Gregorian ...

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