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Mohammad Ali Jinnah

(1876—1948) creator of Pakistan

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Cabinet Mission Plan

Cabinet Mission Plan  

(16 May 1946)The last viable attempt to come to a peaceful solution to Indian independence and partition. The Indian elections of 1945–6 were won in the Hindu‐dominated constituencies by the ...
India

India  

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The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growthIndia's vast territory can be divided into three main regions from north to south. ...
Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru  

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(b. 14 Nov. 1889, d. 27 May 1964).Prime Minister of Union of India 1947–64Early careerBorn in Allahabad as the son of Motilal Nehru, he received a European education, and was educated in England at ...
Liaqat Ali Khan

Liaqat Ali Khan  

(b. 1 Oct. 1895, d. 16 Oct. 1951).Prime Minister of Pakistan 1947–51 Born in Karnal (Punjab), he studied at Aligarh, Allahabad, and Oxford, and was admitted to the English Bar in 1922. He returned, ...
Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi  

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(1869–1948)Indian nationalist and spiritual leader. After early civil-rights activities as a lawyer in South Africa, in 1914 Gandhi returned to India, where he became prominent in the opposition to ...
Muhammad Iqbal

Muhammad Iqbal  

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Religion
(1876–1938)Indian philosopher, poet, and political leader. He took an active part in politics in the Punjab and was President of the Muslim League in 1930 when he advanced the idea of a separate ...
Muslim League

Muslim League  

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Political party founded in 1905 to represent the separate interests of the Indian Muslims, who felt threatened by the prospects of a Hindu majority in any future democratic system. The radical ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...

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