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Jewelry

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Adornment, Personal

Adornment, Personal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Together with clothing, personal adornment was essential for the construction of personal identity in ancient Greece and Rome. The evidence for personal adornment can be reconstructed from Greek and ...
amulet

amulet  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
An ornament or small piece of jewellery thought to give protection against evil, danger, or disease. The word is recorded from the late 16th century; it comes from Latin, but is of unknown origin.
Armband

Armband  

(usually in plural form ψελ〈λ〉ία, Lat. armillae). The term usually refers to a military ornament, worn by Germanic soldiers on the upper arm. Elsewhere, it is described as armilla gallica ...
cameo

cameo  

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Overview Page
Small-scale sculpture in which the design stands in relief above the surface. It is the opposite of intaglio. Often, the term refers specifically to a portrait cut in a gemstone; this form was highly ...
clothing

clothing  

What one wears is taken by others as an essential signal of status. The proverb is recorded in English from the early 15th century, but an earlier saying in classical Greek is, ‘the man is his ...
Clothing and Personal Adornment

Clothing and Personal Adornment  

In general, clothing of pharaonic Egypt has escaped the close study that was applied to European costume of more recent millennia. This lack is gradually being rectified by textile specialists ...
color

color  

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Overview Page
From the polychrome sculpture that once decorated the façades of many of the great churches of the MA, to the stained glass windows that embellished their interiors, medieval art and ...
crafts.

crafts.  

Numerous crafts and industries developed during the medieval period, including textiles, the hide and leather industry, mining and metal processing, woodworking crafts of various kinds, food ...
enamel

enamel  

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Overview Page
[Ma]A kind of opaque or semi‐opaque glassy material used for decorating metalwork by fusing the coating to the surface of the metal.
Enkolpion

Enkolpion  

(ἐγκόλπιον, lit. “in” [or “on] the bosom”), an object with Christian imagery, or containing a sacred relic or inscription, worn around the neck. Enkolpia were produced in virtually all materials ...
gems

gems  

Minerals (usually of crystallized matter) used for decorating items such as textiles and liturgical objects or for personal adornment. The most highly prized are the precious stones, diamonds, ...
Gender Roles

Gender Roles  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A set of behaviour patterns, attitudes, and personality characteristics stereotypically perceived as masculine or feminine within a culture. See also gender (1).
gold

gold  

[Ma]A yellow malleable ductile high‐density metallic element (Au) that is resistant to chemical reaction. It was the most highly prized metal used in antiquity and, along with copper, was one of the ...
hardstones

hardstones  

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Overview Page
A general term used to describe a wide variety of stones such as agate, calcite alabasters, jasper, and various marbles used for inlays and small-scale sculpture. See pietre dure.
Helladic

Helladic  

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Subject:
Archaeology
A term conventionally applied to the culture of the Greek mainland during the Bronze Age, from about 3000 bc to about 1000 bc. Late Helladic is alternatively called Mycenaean.
irony

irony  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Typically, the expression of one's intended meaning through language which, taken literally, appears on the surface to express the opposite—usually for humorous effect. The intended meaning is not in ...
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Jeweler

Jeweler  

The Byz. distinguished the goldsmith (chrysochoos) from the silversmith (argyrokopos) (Koukoules, Bios 2.1:225, 228). Often they used the word chrysochoos in the broad sense of a jeweler, for ...
Mafjar, Wadi El-

Mafjar, Wadi El-  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In a series of waterfalls west of Jericho, Wadi el-Mafjar spills into the Jericho plain. During the Hasmonean era, the Fortress of Duk or the Fortress of Dagon was built ...
metalwork

metalwork  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The period between c. ad 450 and c. ad 1200 marked the pinnacle of Irish fine metalworking. Metalwork objects were made under both ecclesiastical and secular patronage. Archaeological evidence ...

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