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Jerome

(c. 347—420)

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Aelius Donatus

Aelius Donatus  

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(4th century),Roman grammarian. The Ars Grammatica, containing his treatises on Latin grammar, was the sole textbook used in schools in the Middle Ages.
Aethicus Ister

Aethicus Ister  

(7th/8th century?)Pseudonymous author of a cosmography-cum-travelogue entitled Cosmographia, allegedly edited by Jerome. The work describes ‘Aethicus’’ periplous through the barbarian world, ...
Alexander legend

Alexander legend  

Medieval fascination with the figure of Alexander goes back to the 3rd-century Greek romance of Pseudo-Callisthenes, which became known to the west in large part, though not exclusively, through the ...
Alonso Pecha

Alonso Pecha  

(1327/1329–1389)Born into a family in the service of the kings of Castile, he was the brother of Pedro Fernandez Pecha, founder of the Order of St Jerome (Hieronymites). Italian ...
annals

annals  

(from Latin annus, ‘year’) The yearly records kept by the priests in Rome from the earliest times. They noted ceremonies, state enactments, and the holders of office. The high priest (Pontifex ...
Antichrist

Antichrist  

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Religion
A great personal opponent of Christ, expected by the early Church to appear before the end of the world. The name is recorded from Old English and comes via Old French or ecclesiastical Latin from ...
apatheia

apatheia  

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Religion
A Greek word meaning ‘impassibility’ or ‘passionlessness’, used in ascetic theology in the E. Church. When applied to God, it is used in its literal sense, but it is also used as a technical term for ...
apocrypha

apocrypha  

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Religion
Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of Scripture. The Old Testament Apocrypha include writings (dating from around 300 bc to ad 100) which appeared in the Septuagint ...
Apollinaris the Apologist

Apollinaris the Apologist  

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Religion
Bishop of Hierapolis (2nd century). Little is known of his life, but he enjoyed a high reputation as a teacher; his writings in defence of the Christian religion were produced mainly during the reign ...
Apollinarius

Apollinarius  

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Religion
The heresy which denied the completeness of Christ's humanity. Apollinarius (or Apollinaris) (c.310–c.390), who was an upholder of orthodoxy against the Arians, became Bp. of Laodicea c.360. His ...
Apollonius

Apollonius  

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Religion
(d. 183),Roman martyr. He was mentioned by Jerome and Eusebius; his name is in early liturgical books; more light has been shed on him by the discovery of Acts in Greek and Armenian. This Roman ...
Aquila

Aquila  

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Religion
A convert from Christianity to Judaism, who made a very literal translation (140 ce) into Greek from the Hebrew of the OT intended to replace the version of the LXX used by the Christians.
Aquileia

Aquileia  

On the Adriatic coast, became an important city during the late Roman Empire. According to legend it was evangelized by St Mark, but the beginnings of the Church cannot be traced beyond the 3rd cent. ...
Aristides

Aristides  

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Religion
(2nd cent.) of Athens, Christian philosopher and Apologist. In an ‘Apology’ presented either to the Emp. Hadrian in 124 or to Antoninus Pius (d. 161), Aristides sought to defend the existence and ...
Arnobius

Arnobius  

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(3rd–4th cent.), Christian apologist. In his Adversus Nationes he defended the consonance of the Christian religion with the best pagan philosophy.
art and architecture: Insular

art and architecture: Insular  

The term ‘Insular’ refers to the cultures of the British Isles from the mid 6th through the late 9th centuries, sometimes called ‘Northumbro-Irish’ to suggest the two main zones of ...
Atto

Atto  

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Religion
(c. 885–961),Bp. of Vercelli from 924. He was a canonist and theologian remarkable for his great erudition in an unlearned age. His writings included a long commentary on the ...
Bacchylides

Bacchylides  

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(c.520–450 bc),Greek lyric poet, nephew of Simonides. Although he was well known in Hellenistic and Roman times, only a handful of lines had survived in quotations when a papyrus containing his book ...
Basil of Ancyra

Basil of Ancyra  

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Religion
(4th cent.), Arian bishop. Elected to succeed Marcellus in the see of Ancyra in 336, he was deposed at the Council of Sardica in 343, but reinstated by Constantius c.348. He took part in various ...
Bede

Bede  

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History
(673–735,historian and scholar, when young placed in the charge of Benedict Biscop, the abbot of Wearmouth. From there he went in 682 to Jarrow, where he spent most of his life. He was a diligent ...

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