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ajari

ajari  

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Religion
(Jap.). Term deriving from the Sanskrit word ācārya and meaning a senior monk who is qualified to take disciples, teach novices, and conduct ordinations. In Japan.such monks might also serve as ...
Akimoto Matsuyo

Akimoto Matsuyo  

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(1911–2001)One of the leading women playwrights of post-war Japan, Akimoto was a student of the leftist playwright Miyoshi Jūrō (1902–58), and her debut work, A Sprinkling of Dust, was ...
Albert Wendt

Albert Wendt  

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Literature
(1939– ),Western Samoan writer, born in Western Samoa, educated at Victoria University, Auckland. He returned to Auckland in 1987 as the first Professor of New Zealand Literature at Auckland ...
alternative theatre

alternative theatre  

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A phrase often used to embrace the successive waves of unconventional theatre and performance groups that formed almost everywhere in the second half of the twentieth century, especially following ...
amateur theatre

amateur theatre  

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In Britain amateur theatre reached its height in the 19th century, when many of the best-known amateur societies were founded, among them the Old Stagers, who have given performances closely ...
Amida

Amida  

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Religion
The Japanese pronunciation of the name of the Buddha Amitābha or Amitāyus. This Buddha serves as the primary object of devotion and agent of salvation for the various schools of Pure Land Buddhism in ...
Amoghavajra

Amoghavajra  

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Religion
(705–74).A native of south India.Amoghavajra is considered the sixth patriarch of esoteric Buddhism in China. He was also a prolific translator. He became a Buddhist novice at the age of 13, arrived ...
Anglo-Japanese Alliance

Anglo-Japanese Alliance  

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History
(1902)A diplomatic agreement between Britain and Japan. It improved Britain's international position and consolidated Japan's position in north‐east Asia at a time of increasing rivalry with Russia. ...
angura

angura  

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Japanese avant-garde movement, also called ‘little theatre’ (shōgekijō) movement. Angura (‘underground’) rose from a dissatisfaction with the politics and aesthetics of orthodox modern theatre ...
anthropology, theatre

anthropology, theatre  

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A term coined by Eugenio Barba in the late 1970s which he most recently defines as ‘the study of the pre-expressive scenic behaviour upon which different genres, styles, roles and ...
archaeology of gardens

archaeology of gardens  

The discipline of archaeology has grown from antiquarian beginnings in the 16th century into a complex subject that encompasses a broad range of techniques including excavation, field and geophysical ...
Asia

Asia  

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History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Asuka period

Asuka period  

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Religion
The period of Japanese history extending from 552 to 646 ce during which Buddhism was first introduced at the royal court. See also Japan.
Aum Shinrikyō

Aum Shinrikyō  

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Religion
(Jap.). A new religious movement that developed in Japan during the 1980s under the leadership of its ‘guru’, Shoko Asahara. A kind of Śaiva-Shinto synthesis, the group also includes Buddhist and ...
Bandō Tamasaburō V

Bandō Tamasaburō V  

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(1950– )Japanese onnagata (female-gender role specialist) in kabuki and shimpa, and choreographer. He was adopted into the kabuki family of Morita Kanya in 1956, and Nakamura Utaemon VI, the foremost ...
Bankei Eitaku

Bankei Eitaku  

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Religion
(1622–93).Bankei was a Rinzai monk who lived during the Tokugawa period in Japan. During this time, the government required all families to register with a zen temple for record-keeping purposes, and ...
Ben'en;

Ben'en;  

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Religion
1202–80).Japanese Zen master of the Rinzai Yogi school. In 1242, he became abbot of the Tōfuku-ji (monastery) in Kyōto. Enni was thus a man of wide education, but while ...
Betsuyaku Minoru

Betsuyaku Minoru  

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(1937– )Manchurian-born Japanese absurdist playwright. In 1961 Betsuyaku established the Free Stage (Jiyū Butai) with Suzuki, the precursor to the Waseda Little Theatre. His Elephant (1962, trans. ...
Bhaiṣajyaguru

Bhaiṣajyaguru  

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Religion
The Medicine Buddha, a figure especially venerated in Tibet.China.and Japan. Bhaiṣajya-guru is a Buddha in the Mahāyāna who epitomizes the power of healing, both on a physical and a spiritual level. ...
Bodhisena

Bodhisena  

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Religion
(704–760).Indian monk who travelled first to China and then to Japan in 736 where he played a leading role in the dedication of the great statue to the Buddha in Nara in 752 ce.

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