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James II

(1633—1701) king of England, Scotland, and Ireland

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Abercorn

Abercorn  

The family's Irish history began when James Hamilton of Linlithgow (d. 1618), created ist earl of Abercorn in the Scottish peerage in 1606, was granted lands in Co. Tyrone. His ...
Act of Settlement

Act of Settlement  

A statute of 1701 that vested the British Crown in Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James I of England and VI of Scotland) and her Protestant heirs, so excluding Roman Catholics, including the ...
Anne

Anne  

(1665–1714)Queen of England and Scotland (known as Great Britain from 1707) and Ireland 1702–14. The last of the Stuart monarchs, daughter of the Catholic James II (but herself a Protestant), she ...
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury  

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Philosophy
(1621–83)English statesman. He entered Parliament in 1640 as a royalist supporter, but changed sides in 1643, eventually becoming a member of Cromwell's council of state. In 1660 he was one of the ...
Apprentice Boys

Apprentice Boys  

The Apprentice Boys are an Ulster loyalist organization whose title celebrates the thirteen apprentices who shut the city gates of Derry before the Jacobite siege (April–July 1689). The Apprentice ...
aristocracy

aristocracy  

A vague term, derived from the Greek aristokratia, meaning the rule of the best. It is broader than peerage or even nobility. In common parlance it was usually taken to mean the upper classes or ...
Armand-Jean le Bouthillier de Rancé

Armand-Jean le Bouthillier de Rancé  

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Religion
(1626–1700), reformer of la Trappe. A godson of A. J. P. du Richelieu, by 1636 he held five benefices in commendam, including the Cistercian abbey of la Trappe. He led a worldly life until a sudden ...
Army, British

Army, British  

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The British army is still composed of fiercely individualistic regiments and corps. This is a reflection of the tenacity with which it has clung to its roots in the 17th ...
battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne  

(1 July 1690)A major defeat for the Stuart cause which confirmed William III's control over Ireland. It took place near Drogheda, where the recently deposed James II and his Irish and French forces ...
Bellew

Bellew  

A leading Old English family. John Bellew (d. 1693) was restored to the family lands in Cos. Louth and Meath at the Restoration and created Baron Bellew of Duleek in ...
Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights  

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History
(1689)A declaration and Act of Parliament stating the conditions upon which William III and Mary were to become joint sovereigns of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Its major provisions were that the ...
brass money

brass money  

Sometimes (though not in contemporary usage) gunmoney, the copper and copper alloy coinage, to an estimated value of over £1.5 million, issued in the name of James II 1689–90. Initially ...
Brodrick Midleton

Brodrick Midleton  

Co. Cork landed family, established in Ireland from the 17th century and politically active into the 20th. Its Irish presence was established by two brothers. Sir Alan Brodrick, a royalist ...
Charles Edward Stuart

Charles Edward Stuart  

B. 31 Dec. 1720, s. of James Stuart (‘the Old Pretender’) and Clementina, da. of James Sobiewski; m. Louise, da. of Gustav Adolf of Stolberg-Gedern and Elizabeth, da. of Maximilian de Hornes, 28 Mar. ...
Charles II

Charles II  

(1630–85),king of England, Ireland, and Scotland (acceded 1649, restored 1660–85). Charles received his practical education in 1648–51 when he learnt how to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances, ...
Clancarty

Clancarty  

Earldom held by the MacCarthys of Muskerry. Donough MacCarthy (1594–1665), Viscount Muskerry, combined Gaelic descent with Old English politics, supporting Ormond (his brother‐in‐law) in the ...
coronation

coronation  

As formal acknowledgement of a monarch's right to rule, the coronation confirms their accession and acceptance by their subjects. For early warrior kings, the principle of succession was by election ...
Court of High Commission

Court of High Commission  

Known as such from c.1570, it emanated from earlier ecclesiastical commissions (after 1547), was given statutory authority (1559), reconstructed (1583), and exercised the ecclesiastical appellate and ...
Coventry Letter

Coventry Letter  

(26 Oct. 1686).Ostensibly a private letter sent to Tyrconnell by the Catholic attorney‐general Sir Richard Nagle, in Coventry on his way to Ireland, this was in fact a public ...

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