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Jacobitism

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Andrew Fletcher

Andrew Fletcher  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1655–1716).Politician. Fletcher of Saltoun was taught by Gilbert Burnet, who later described him as ‘a most violent republican and extremely passionate’. He represented East Lothian at the ...
Anne

Anne  

(1665–1714)Queen of England and Scotland (known as Great Britain from 1707) and Ireland 1702–14. The last of the Stuart monarchs, daughter of the Catholic James II (but herself a Protestant), she ...
aristocracy

aristocracy  

A vague term, derived from the Greek aristokratia, meaning the rule of the best. It is broader than peerage or even nobility. In common parlance it was usually taken to mean the upper classes or ...
art, Highland

art, Highland  

A widely recognized concept of Highland art is witness to a distinctive visual and aesthetic tradition; powerful, persistent, and conservative in character, it gives the impression of belonging in a ...
articles of Galway

articles of Galway  

(21 July 1691),agreed at the surrender of the Jacobite garrison following a brief siege in the Williamite War. The terms, securing the inhabitants and garrison in their estates and ...
battle of Aughrim

battle of Aughrim  

1691.The battle of the Boyne in July 1690 did not end the conflict in Ireland. The Jacobites held Limerick and Galway. The task of subduing them was left to William's Dutch commander, Ginkel, who ...
Battle of Culloden

Battle of Culloden  

(16 April 1746)A battle, fought on a bleak moor in Scotland to the east of Inverness, in which the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart, largely drawn from the Highland clans, were routed during ...
battle of Killiecrankie

battle of Killiecrankie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(27 July 1689)A battle fought in a narrow densely wooded pass near Pitlochry in Scotland when John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, led the first Jacobite attempt to restore James II to the ...
battle of Prestonpans

battle of Prestonpans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(21 September 1745)A military engagement during the Forty-Five Rebellion on the Scottish coast 14.5 km (9 miles) east of Edinburgh. It resulted in a famous Jacobite victory, when Bonnie Prince ...
battle of Sheriffmuir

battle of Sheriffmuir  

(13 November 1715)A battle fought in Scotland, the only major battle of the Fifteen Rebellion. The Jacobite army of 10,000 men, commanded by the Earl of Mar, met the much smaller loyalist force of ...
Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne  

(1 July 1690)A major defeat for the Stuart cause which confirmed William III's control over Ireland. It took place near Drogheda, where the recently deposed James II and his Irish and French forces ...
battlefields, historic

battlefields, historic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Britain has relatively few historic battlefields compared with the continent of Europe. The country has not been invaded since 1066, so the battlefields since then are those of civil wars. The site ...
Boyle

Boyle  

One of the most important political dynasties of the 17th and 18th centuries. The founder of the family's fortune was Richard Boyle, 1st earl of Cork, whose material success and ...
Catholic emancipation

Catholic emancipation  

Was achieved by an Act of Parliament of 1829, enabling Roman catholics in Britain to participate fully in public life by abolishing the Test and Corporation Acts. O'Connell's electoral success in the ...
Catholic Relief Acts

Catholic Relief Acts  

A series of Acts freeing RCs from civil disabilities. By that of 1778 RCs were allowed to own land on taking an oath not involving the denial of their religion; in 1791 RC worship and schools were ...
Catholicism

Catholicism  

The word derives from the universality of faith in the Christian church, but since the 16th cent. has referred to the portion of Christianity accepting papal authority. It delineates the distinctive ...
Charles Edward Stuart

Charles Edward Stuart  

B. 31 Dec. 1720, s. of James Stuart (‘the Old Pretender’) and Clementina, da. of James Sobiewski; m. Louise, da. of Gustav Adolf of Stolberg-Gedern and Elizabeth, da. of Maximilian de Hornes, 28 Mar. ...
Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount

Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1674–1738).Townshend succeeded to his peerage in 1687. He became a Whig, specializing in foreign affairs. In 1713 he married Robert Walpole's sister and the following year became secretary of state ...
Clancarty

Clancarty  

Earldom held by the MacCarthys of Muskerry. Donough MacCarthy (1594–1665), Viscount Muskerry, combined Gaelic descent with Old English politics, supporting Ormond (his brother‐in‐law) in the ...
conformity

conformity  

A legal procedure whereby converts from Catholicism to the Church of Ireland, having read a public recantation of former religious errors and taken Anglican communion, registered their change of ...

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