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Charles Ives

(1874—1954) American composer

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Celestial Railroad

Celestial Railroad  

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Fantasy for pf., c.1924, by Ives, arr. from 2nd movt. of his Sym. No.4.
Central Park in the Dark in the Good Old Summertime

Central Park in the Dark in the Good Old Summertime  

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Work for chamber orch. by Ives, comp. 1906.
cluster

cluster  

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A group of adjacent notes, usually on the piano, where clusters may be performed with the fist, palm, or forearm. Piano clusters were introduced by Henry Cowell in The Tides of Manaunaun (1912).[...]
collage

collage  

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(Fr.).A putting‐together of independent styles in juxtaposition either simultaneously or successively. The separate styles usually consist of contrasting rhythm, melody, or harmony. For a true ...
Concord Sonata

Concord Sonata  

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Work for pf., with solos for va. and fl., by Ives, full title Sonata No.2 (Concord Mass., 1840–1860). Comp. 1911–15. F.p. New Orleans 1920. Movts. are entitled 1. Emerson, 2. Hawthorne, 3. The ...
Elliott Carter

Elliott Carter  

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(b NY, 1908).Amer. composer. At 16 befriended by Ives, who took him to concerts of mus. by Varèse, Sessions, Ruggles, and Copland. Studied pf. at Cambridge, Mass. At Harvard Univ. 1926–32, studying ...
General William Booth Enters into Heaven

General William Booth Enters into Heaven  

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1 Song by Ives to words by Vachel Lindsay, for v. and pf., 1914, also for bass soloist, ch., and chamber orch. Pubd. in collection 19 Songs.2 For ten., male vv., and chamber orch., 1932, by Philip ...
Henry Brant

Henry Brant  

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(b Montreal, 15 Sept. 1913; d Santa Barbara, CA, 26 April 2008).Canadian-born American composer. He studied at the McGill Conservatorium before settling in 1929 in New York, where he ...
Henry Cowell

Henry Cowell  

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(b Menlo Park, CA, 11 March 1897; d Shady, NY, 10 Dec. 1965).American composer. He spent his boyhood near San Francisco and in the Midwest, being exposed to traditional ...
Horatio Parker

Horatio Parker  

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(b Auburndale, Mass., 1863; d Cedarhurst, NY, 1919).Amer. composer, organist, and teacher. Held org. posts in NY, and taught at Nat. Cons. when Dvořák was dir. Org. and mus. dir. Trinity Church, ...
John Alden Carpenter

John Alden Carpenter  

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(b Park Ridge, Ill., 1876; d Chicago, 1951).Amer. composer who, like Ives, combined mus. with successful business career. Made name with orch. suite Adventures in a Perambulator (Chicago 1915). Comp. ...
John Foulds

John Foulds  

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(b Manchester, 1880; d Calcutta, 1939).Eng. composer and cellist. Son of a professional bassoonist. Studied pf. at 4 and started to compose at 7. Became orch. cellist at 14 and until 20 played in th. ...
Lou Harrison

Lou Harrison  

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(b Portland, OR, 14 May 1917; d Lafayette, IN, 2 Feb. 2003).American composer. He studied in San Francisco with Cowell (1934–5) and worked there with Cage writing and performing ...
microtone

microtone  

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Music
All intervals which lie between the semi‐tones of the 12‐note, equal‐tempered tuning system. Several 20th‐cent. composers have experimented in microtones and quarter‐tones. Joseph Yasser proposed a ...
New England Holidays

New England Holidays  

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Sym. (unnumbered) by Ives for orch., comp. 1904–13. Movts. entitled 1. Washington's Birthday. 2. Decoration Day. 3. Fourth of July. 4. Thanksgiving and/or Forefathers' Day (with ch.).1. Washington's ...
open form

open form  

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A structural procedure whereby the sequence and/or construction of parts of a notated work are variable. First employed by Ives, Cowell, and Grainger, but developed as indeterminacy by Cage and Earle ...
Orchestral Set

Orchestral Set  

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Name of 2 orch. works by Ives. No.1 is usually known as Three Places in New England, 1908–14; No.2, comp. 1909–15, has 3 movts.: 1. An Elegy to our Forefathers; 2. The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the ...
Three Places in New England

Three Places in New England  

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Orch. work (with optional org.) by Ives, also known as Orchestral Set No.1. Comp. 1908–14. Movts. are 1. Boston Common: Colonel Shaw and his Colored Regiment. 2. Putnam's Camp. 3. The Housatonic at ...
Tone Roads

Tone Roads  

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Name of 2 works by Ives. No.1 for small orch., comp. 1911; No.3 for chamber orch., comp. 1915.
Unanswered Question

Unanswered Question  

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Music
Orch. work by Ives, comp. 1906, rev. c.1932, for tpt., 4 fl. (or 2 fl., ob., cl.), str., and pf.

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