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Iulius Caesar, Gaius

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Aulus Caecina

Aulus Caecina  

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(RE 7)a friend of Cicero (Epistulae ad familiaries 6. 5–9) and a member of an old Etruscan family of Volaterrae (mod. Cecina). Cicero had defended his father in an ...
Aurelia

Aurelia  

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(RE ‘Aurelius’ 248),of the family of the Cottae, was the mother of C. Iulius Caesar (1). She watched over the conduct of his wife Pompeia and detected P. Clodius ...
Bocchus II

Bocchus II  

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(RE 2),king of Mauretania jointly with Bogud (his brother), ruling the later Caesariensis. In the Civil War he joined P. Sittius and supported Caesar against Juba I. He was ...
Bogud

Bogud  

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(RE 1–2),king of Mauretania jointly with Bocchus II, ruling the later Tingitana. (Both were sons of Bocchus I.) He fought for Caesar in Spain and Africa and played a ...
Bosporus, the Cimmerian

Bosporus, the Cimmerian  

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The straits of Kerch′, connecting the Black Sea (Euxine) and the sea of Azov (Maeotis). The straits were the centre of a major kingdom, which was known, accordingly, as the ...
Brundisium

Brundisium  

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A Messapian city on the Adriatic coast, and an important harbour. In 244 bc, a Latin colony (see ius latii) was founded there, and the via Appia was extended from Tarentum to Brundisium. Thereafter, ...
Burebistas

Burebistas  

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(RE 3. 2903–5, 4. 1958–60; Suppl. 1. 261–4),king of the Dacians (see Dacia), built up an extensive but impermanent empire in the Danubian lands (c. 60–44 bc). With a ...
Caecilius Bassus, Quintus

Caecilius Bassus, Quintus  

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(RE 36)equestrian officer under Pompey in the Civil War. After Pharsalus he fled to Syria, took over two legions that had mutinied against their commander, and seized Apamea, which ...
Caecilius Metellus Celer, Quintus

Caecilius Metellus Celer, Quintus  

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(RE 86)grandson (by birth) of Q. Caecilius Metellus Baliaricus and by adoption brother of Nepos (below), was perhaps tribune 72 or 68 bc and aedile 67 (Valerius Maximus 6. ...
Caecilius Metellus Nepos, Quintus

Caecilius Metellus Nepos, Quintus  

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(RE 96)brother of Celer (above), legate under Pompey 67–?63 bc, as tribune 62 harassed Cicero and, with Caesar's support, tried to secure a special command against the Catilinarians for ...
Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Quintus

Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Quintus  

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(RE 99)consul 52 bc, was son of P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica (praetor 93; for the family see Cicero Brutus 211–12). He was adopted by Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius, possibly ...
Caelius Rufus, Marcus

Caelius Rufus, Marcus  

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Born (probably) 88 or 87 bc at Interamnia (mod. Teramo), son of an eques or knight, did his tirocinium fori (apprenticeship to public life) under Cicero and Crassus. As one of a band of upper-class ...
Calpurnia

Calpurnia  

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Daughter of Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, married Caesar in 59 bc, cementing an alliance between her husband and father. Though Caesar considered divorcing her to marry Pompey's daughter in 53, her ...
Calpurnius Bibulus, Marcus

Calpurnius Bibulus, Marcus  

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Caesar's colleague in the curule aedileship and the praetorship and finally, after a bribery fund had been set up for him by the nobiles, in the consulship of 59 bc. After being forcibly prevented ...
Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Lucius

Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Lucius  

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Rapidly rose to the consulship, which he held in 58 bc (with Gabinius ) after marrying his daughter to Caesar (consul 59). He refused to support Cicero against Clodius Pulcher, and as a reward was ...
Calpurnius Piso, Gaius

Calpurnius Piso, Gaius  

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(RE 63)was praetor urbanus 72 or 71 bc after acquittal on ambitus charges. As consul 67 he opposed Pompey's friends, the tribunes C. Cornelius and A. Gabinius (2), and ...
Calvisius Sabinus, Gaius

Calvisius Sabinus, Gaius  

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(RE 13)of obscure and probably non-Latin family, served under Caesar in Greece in 48 bc and became governor of Africa in 45. Praetor in 44, he tried to protect ...
Campus Martius

Campus Martius  

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In ancient Rome, a park and recreation ground (the ‘field of Mars’) outside the city walls which was where the Roman legions exercised. It was originally the site of an altar to Mars.
Caninius Rebilus, Gaius

Caninius Rebilus, Gaius  

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(RE 9)of praetorian family, served as Caesar's legatus in 52 bc against Vercingetorix. In 49 he was sent by Caesar to Pompey to arrange a compromise, and then fought ...
Cantiaci

Cantiaci  

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A British tribal grouping and civitas. The Cantiaci seem to be a creation of the Roman government, for there is no record of either a tribe or federation of this name before the Roman conquest. The ...

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