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al- Aqṣā

al- Aqṣā  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Seventh-century mosque in the Haram al-Sharif, Jerusalem. Known as the “Farther Mosque” to distinguish it from the “Holy Mosque” of Mecca. Mentioned in connection with the Prophet's Noctural Journey ...
American Israel Public Affairs Committee

American Israel Public Affairs Committee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The organizational origins of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) began with the formation of the American Zionist Council (AZC) in January 1951 as an organization to lobby Congress ...
Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat  

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...
Arab World

Arab World  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The Arab world stretches from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf, from Morocco in the west to Oman in the east, and comprises twenty-two countries. The religion of ...
Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ongoing conflict between Arabs and Israel over Palestinian territory. The origins of the conflict lie in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which promised “a national home for the Jewish people,” and in ...
Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(2 November 1917)A declaration by Britain in favour of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It took the form of a letter from Lord Balfour (British Foreign Secretary) to Lord Rothschild, a prominent ...
Bernadotte, Folke, Count

Bernadotte, Folke, Count  

(b. 2 Jan. 1895, d. 17 Sept. 1948).Swedish international mediator Born in Stockholm, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, he was involved in work for humanitarian causes for most of his life, ...
Book of Judges

Book of Judges  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This OT Book traces the history of the Israelites from Joshua's death to the beginning of the monarchy, describing incidents connected with the conquest of Palestine, and woven round the names of ...
Books of Kings

Books of Kings  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The two OT Books of Kings were originally a single Book, which was divided by the Greek translators, who grouped them with the Books of Samuel and called all four the ‘Books of the Reigns’. This ...
Books of Samuel

Books of Samuel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The eighth book of the Hebrew scriptures. Originally a single work, it was subdivided in the Septuagint and Vulgate (which has four Books of Kings).
B'Tselem

B'Tselem  

B' Tselem: The Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories champions human rights and humanitarian law as the foundation for transforming the conflict between Israel and ...
Carter Center

Carter Center  

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy, prevent and ...
Dance In The Bible

Dance In The Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Many verbs in biblical Hebrew relate to dance, indicating that it was widespread in the ancient Near East and that choreography was highly developed in the ancient kingdoms of Judah ...
David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion  

(b. 16 Oct. 1886, d. 1 Dec. 1973).Prime Minister of Israel 1948–53, 1955–63 Born David Gruen at Plonsk, in Russian Poland, he became a Zionist and emigrated to Palestine in 1906. He became active in ...
Economic and Military Aid in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Economic and Military Aid in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Persian and Ottoman empires dominated the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and parts of Europe for many centuries. However, the Ottoman Empire's emerging industrial and economic ...
Emergency Situations

Emergency Situations  

Societies face important threats to their stability and well-being, and people rightly demand that the authorities adopt measures to confront them. Exceptional threats to national security, such as ...
Entebbe Hijacking

Entebbe Hijacking  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A week-long drama in Uganda in 1976, the Entebbe hijacking was the intersection of three twentieth-century historical factors: international terrorism resulting from the establishment of Israel in ...
Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip  

A strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast, including the town of Gaza. Administered by Egypt from 1949, and occupied by Israel from 1967, it became a self-governing enclave ...
Gertrud Kraus

Gertrud Kraus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b Vienna, 6 May 1903; d Tel Aviv, 22 Nov. 1977)Austrian-Israeli dancer, choreographer, and teacher. She studied at the Vienna State Academy and between 1928 and 1950 performed recitals of her own ...
Golan Heights

Golan Heights  

A mountainous area in south-east Syria, just along the Israeli border. Over 6,000 feet (2,000 metres) high, they are of enormous strategic importance as they make possible the military control of ...

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