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airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

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Overview Page
The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
America First.

America First.  

When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, thereby unleashing World War II, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sought to aid the Allies by such means as cash-and-carry (September 1939) and the ...
antiwar Movements

antiwar Movements  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A campaign to end a war or a state's involvement in a war, especially the 1963-73 effort to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
Atlantic Charter

Atlantic Charter  

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Overview Page
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History
A joint declaration of principles to guide a post‐World War II peace settlement. It resulted from a meeting at sea between Churchill and F. D. Roosevelt on 14 August 1941. It stipulated freely chosen ...
Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge  

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Overview Page
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History
(1872–1933)US Republican statesman, 30th President of the USA (1923–29). Highly popular personally, he was seen as an embodiment of thrift, caution, and honesty in a decade when corruption in public ...
Charles Beard

Charles Beard  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1874–1948),historian and educator, after graduating from DePauw University (1898) attended Oxford, where he founded Ruskin College (1899) to train labor leaders, and became professor of political ...
Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh  

(1902–1974), U.S. flier, aviation consultant, author, and conservationist.An army‐trained pilot who also flew the mail, Lindbergh achieved world fame in 1927 for his New York–to–Paris flight, the ...
contextualism

contextualism  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
(aesthetics)The view that a work of art can only be understood in the context of its historical or cultural circumstances, or in the light of other works by the same artist or in a surrounding ...
Council on Foreign Relations

Council on Foreign Relations  

Nongovernmental policy institute established in 1921.Returning from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the scholars and diplomats advising President Woodrow Wilson sought to perpetuate their ...
foreign Policy

foreign Policy  

As long as monarchs wielded great personal power, it is hardly possible to divorce foreign policy from the individual circumstances and character of each king. Nevertheless, at an early period, ...
Foreign relations

Foreign relations  

In the twentieth century have been characterised by a tension between Australia's status as a small to middle power, and its aspiration to find security and play an active role ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt  

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History
(1882–1945)US Democratic statesman and thirty-second president of the USA (1933–45). His ‘New Deal’ policies helped US recovery from the economic depression of the 1930s.Born into a prominent New ...
Gerald P. Nye

Gerald P. Nye  

(1892–1971).Born in rural Wisconsin, Nye spent fifteen years as a country editor in Wisconsin, Iowa, and North Dakota. A progressive Republican, he was appointed U.S. senator from North Dakota ...
Henry Ford

Henry Ford  

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History
(1863–1947)US motor manufacturer. He was a pioneer of mass production and had a profound influence on the widespread use of motor vehicles. In 1909 Ford produced his famous Model T, of which 15 ...
internationalism

internationalism  

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N. the advocacy of cooperation and understanding between nations.internationalist n.n. the advocacy of cooperation and understanding between nations.internationalist n.
J. William Fulbright

J. William Fulbright  

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• Born: Apr. 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo.• Political party: Democrat• Education: University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, graduated, 1925; Rhodes Scholar, Oxford University, 1928; George Washington University ...
Japan-U.S. Relations

Japan-U.S. Relations  

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Overview Page
Historically, Japan-U.S. relations have followed a regular fifty-year cycle, alternating between cooperative and antagonistic phases. The first antagonistic phase occurred when U.S. foreign policy ...
Jeannette Rankin

Jeannette Rankin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1880–1973), pacifist, suffragist, and congresswoman.After successfully leading the suffragist movement in Montana, Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to Congress. A progressive ...
League of Nations

League of Nations  

An organization for international cooperation established in 1919 by the Versailles Peace Settlement. A League covenant embodying the principles of collective security, arbitration of international ...
Libertarian Party.

Libertarian Party.  

Founded in Colorado in 1971, the Libertarian party became a significant, if somewhat exotic, variation on late twentieth-century antigovernment politics. Dedicated to challenging “the cult of the ...

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