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Abimelech

Abimelech  

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Religion
(date uncertain, 19th–16th cents. bce).King of Gerar, whom both Abraham and Isaac tried to deceive by presenting their wives as their sisters (Genesis 20, 26. 1–11). He also appears ...
Abraham

Abraham  

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Religion
In the Bible, the Hebrew patriarch from whom all Jews trace their descent (Genesis 11:27–25:10), directed by God to leave his own country for another land. In Genesis 22 he is ordered by God to ...
Abraham's Bosom

Abraham's Bosom  

(Heb., be-heiko shel Avraham).An expression indicating the location of righteous souls. It led to the famous ‘malapropism’ of the Hostess in Shakespeare's Henry V: ‘Nay, sure he's [Falstaff] not ...
ʿAkeda

ʿAkeda  

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Religion
(Heb., ‘Binding’ (of Isaac).The story of Abraham's intended sacrifice of Isaac, told in Genesis 22. In Jewish thought, this incident is regarded as the supreme example of obedience to ...
ancestors

ancestors  

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A person from whom someone is descended (a progenitor), a foreparent (forefather or foremother); usually more remote in the lineage than a grandparent. In succession law, a person from whom an estate ...
angel

angel  

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Religion
Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
aqeda

aqeda  

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Religion
A term used by rabbis for the elaborate theological development of the Genesis story of the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22: 1–19) with a doctrine of atonement comparable with that of the NT. The ...
Aram

Aram  

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Religion
Aram is a name of both places and persons. As a place name it refers usually to Aram‐Damascus (Map 1:Z2), a powerful Aramean state in southern Syria during the early ...
Art and the Bible.

Art and the Bible.  

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Religion
Early Art. Stories from the Bible had become the subject of a developed narrative art by the middle of the third century CE in the synagogue discovered at Dura‐Europos, where ...
Beersheba

Beersheba  

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Religion
The most southerly place of Israel, notable for its wells and therefore suitable for pasturing sheep. There are notes in Genesis that the ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob stayed there (Gen. 22: ...
Book of Exodus

Book of Exodus  

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Religion
This OT Book records the events attending the ‘Exodus’ (i.e. the release of the Israelites under Moses from their Egyptian bondage) and the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Its authorship has ...
Cave of Machpelah

Cave of Machpelah  

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Religion
Burial place of the Jewish patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The site of the Cave of Machpelah is identified with Haram el-Khalil in Hebron.
chronology, biblical

chronology, biblical  

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1 Old Testament. It is difficult accurately to date the events narrated, partly because there are few allusions to events known from sources outside the OT, partly because the times given for the ...
Danel and Aqhat

Danel and Aqhat  

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Religion
The Canaanite tale of King Danel and his son, the hero Aqhat, is contained in fragments of three Ugaritic tablets from Ras Shamra. As the tale opens, Danel is performing ...
Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock  

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Religion
The Muslim shrine in Jerusalem, built in the area of the Jewish Temple. It was completed in 691/2. The rock from which it takes its name is believed in Islam to be that from which Muhammad ascended ...
Edom

Edom  

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A kingdom that neighbored Judah on its southeastern border during the Iron Age. It encompassed the area southward from the Wadi Hesa in Jordan to the Gulf of Aqaba, and ...
Esau

Esau  

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The elder son of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen. 25: 26), who forfeited his legal right of inheritance to Jacob, so that Jacob was regarded as the ancestor of the people of Israel (Gen. 32: 28), while Esau ...
Genesis

Genesis  

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Religion
The first book of the Bible, which includes the stories of the creation of the world, Noah's ark, the Tower of Babel, and the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.The name, recorded from late ...
Hagar

Hagar  

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Religion
*Abraham's Egyptian concubine and slave who bore Ishmael (Gen. 16: 1–4) but was dispatched into the wilderness by the jealous wife Sarah. It is used by Paul (Gal. 4: 21–31) to provide confirmation by ...
Hebrew mythology

Hebrew mythology  

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Religion
The development of the Hebrew-Israelite mythology, which was central to the eventual emergence of Judaism, was influenced by the mythologies of Egypt, by the mythologies of indigenous religions of ...

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