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Iroquois

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Adam Dollard des Ormeaux

Adam Dollard des Ormeaux  

(1635–60).A young military officer who had just arrived in the colony, Dollard was sent by Montreal governor Chomedy de Maisonneuve on a mission up the Ottawa River in the ...
Algonquin

Algonquin  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Name applied to nomadic hunting tribes in Quebec and Ontario, and later to the entire Algonquian linguistic family to which they belong. Located originally near Ottawa, the Algonquian tribe was ...
Beaver Wars

Beaver Wars  

(1640s-1680s), a series of conflicts between Iroquois and Algonquin tribes living near the Great Lakes. Involvement in the fur trade destabilized Native American cultures by introducing European ...
Carignan-Salières Regiment

Carignan-Salières Regiment  

This regiment of some 1,200 men was sent from France in 1665 to help defend the colony of Canada against Iroquois attacks. It began by building forts to protect settlers ...
Christian réductions in New France

Christian réductions in New France  

The réduction (reserve), copied from Paraguay, was introduced by the Jesuits at Sillery in 1639 to accommodate nomadic Montagnais hunting bands. The objective was not to dispossess Natives but rather ...
Colonialism

Colonialism  

[CP]A general term referring to the period c.ad 550–900 in North America, being one of the five main cultural‐historical stages defined for the archaeology of southwestern parts of the USA. ...
Delaware

Delaware  

An Algonquian-speaking tribe of Native Americans whose original homelands lay along the Atlantic coast where they cultivated maize. They traded with the first European arrivals in the 17th century ...
Deskaheh

Deskaheh  

Or Levi General (1873–1925).An adherent of the Longhouse religion, General grew up in the non-Christian community on the Six Nations territory on the Grand River in Ontario. His first ...
eastern woodlands Aboriginals

eastern woodlands Aboriginals  

This designation is a geographic one that brings together societies of different linguistic origins and a variety of subsistence economies, including peoples living in the deciduous forests of ...
Étienne Brûlé

Étienne Brûlé  

(1592?–1633), the first French interpreter of the Huron (Wendat) language.Born in the Paris region, Brûlé seems to have arrived at Quebec in 1608 as a servant of Champlain's. In ...
Fort Stanwix

Fort Stanwix  

A colonial American military stronghold. Named after General John Stanwix, the fort was an important defence point and trading centre located between the Upper Mohawk River and Wood Creek. It fell ...
French exploration

French exploration  

Although it was sporadic, exploration in North America until well into the 19th century was motivated largely by the search for a passage across the continent. During the French regime ...
French Settlements in North America.

French Settlements in North America.  

Because official French interest in North America began with the desire to find the fabled Northwest Passage to the riches of Asia, the crown lost interest in North America for ...
Fur Trade.

Fur Trade.  

Animal pelts have probably been exchanged in North America since the beginning of human habitation, but large-scale fur trade began only after the arrival of Europeans. As the Eastern Hemisphere's ...
Great Peace of Montreal, 1701

Great Peace of Montreal, 1701  

Hector de Callière, governor of New France, sought to ensure the cohesion and French dominance of the long-standing alliance between Canada and the Great Lakes peoples and to establish peace ...
Hiawatha

Hiawatha  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A legendary 16th-century North American Indian teacher and chieftain, hero of a narrative poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow called The Song of Hiawatha (1855).
Huron

Huron  

A confederation of five Iroquoian Indian groups living north-east of Lake Huron. Known to themselves as Wyandot or Wendat (‘people of the peninsula’) and surviving today in Quebec and Oklahoma, they ...
Imperial Wars

Imperial Wars  

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Overview Page
Although North America was peripheral to Western European rivalries in trade, revenue, and power, imperial wars strongly shaped modern North American history. Conflicts between Europeans and Indian ...
Indian treaties

Indian treaties  

The earliest agreements between First Nations and Europeans in Canada were between fur traders and Natives engaged in fur commerce. Because many of these pacts were informal, no written record ...
James Moore, Jr.

James Moore, Jr.  

(1675?–1724) militia commander of South Carolina prominent in Indian affairs in the Southeast. Moore, an Indian trader and trader in Indian slaves, led a force that included friendly Indians in ...

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