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interpellation

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constitution of the subject

constitution of the subject  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
In Althusserian Marxist and structuralist theory more generally, a process in which the pre-given structures of social relations construct roles that define the subjectivity of individuals who ...
decentred self

decentred self  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
The concept that there is no single ‘self’—there are only multiple selves, existing fleetingly moment by moment. A notion influenced by psychoanalytic theory, structuralism, and poststructuralism. ...
direct address

direct address  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
Communication that is explicitly indicated as being targeted at a current listener, reader, or viewer as an individual. In face-to-face interaction, this is when you are being spoken to or gestured ...
ideological state apparatus

ideological state apparatus  

A concept introduced by Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser in Lenin and Philosophy (1971). ISAs are those institutions and systems that legitimate and reproduce the state, above all by producing ...
ideology

ideology  

Any wide-ranging system of beliefs, ways of thought, and categories that provide the foundation of programmes of political and social action: an ideology is a conceptual scheme with a practical ...
Louis Althusser

Louis Althusser  

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(1918–1990)French Marxist philosopher, whose writings were widely influential in continental philosophy until he was declared insane.Born near Algiers, Althusser studied philosophy at the École ...
misrecognition

misrecognition  

A process of self-identification in which a subject assumes an identity they mistake for their own. The concept derives from Jacques Lacan's account of the mirror stage of childhood development in ...
mode of address

mode of address  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
In any act of communication, the relationship between addresser and addressee, which can be inferred from explicit and implicit cues. In relation to texts, the way in which aspects of the style, ...
spectator

spectator  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. A person who watches and listens to a public performance or sporting event, usually with reference to those attending rather than the viewers of broadcast coverage. A common connotation is that ...
structural causality

structural causality  

Derived from Baruch Spinoza's conception of God as the immanent cause of all things, Louis Althusser used this term to characterize the causal relationship between abstract entities like the social ...
structural determinism

structural determinism  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. In classical Marxist theory, the subordination of the social ‘superstructure’ to the techno-economic ‘base’: see base and superstructure; see also economism.2. The stance that the pre-given ...
subject

subject  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. What is denoted, depicted, or referred to, or the topic of a discourse or a study: see also content; denotation; referentiality; representation.2. In loose usage, an individual person, a human ...
symbolic violence

symbolic violence  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. Bourdieu's term for the imposition on subordinated groups by the dominant class of an ideology which legitimates and naturalizes the status quo: see also dominant ideology; compare ...
viewing subjects

viewing subjects  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In theories of the gaze (especially in film theory), the subjectivity of those looking at a visual representation that is argued to be constituted through a process of interpellation into particular ...

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