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battle of the River Plate

battle of the River Plate  

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Overview Page
1939.A German ‘pocket battleship’, Graf Spee, heavily armoured, with 11‐inch guns, sinking British merchant ships in the South Atlantic, was attacked on 13 December 1939 by three British cruisers, ...
Belsen

Belsen  

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Overview Page
A Nazi concentration camp in the Second World War, near the village of Belsen in north western Germany, the liberation of which at the end of the Second World War provided the Allied countries with ...
border campaign

border campaign  

An Irish Republican Army campaign in Northern Ireland 1956–62, also known as Operation Harvest, which was the code name for the original somewhat over‐ambitious battle plan. Operations started on 11 ...
Brian Faulkner

Brian Faulkner  

(1921–77).One of the ablest of Northern Irish Unionist prime ministers, Faulkner was from a commercial rather than a landed background. He became the last Northern Irish premier in March 1971 and won ...
Channel Islands

Channel Islands  

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Overview Page
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History
Dependencies of the British crown—constitutionally odd and financially richThe Channel Islands consist of four main islands and numerous other islets. They are governed as two separate ‘bailiwicks’ ...
Civil War

Civil War  

(1922–1923), the, a period of hostilities between the Army of the Irish State and the Republican wing of the IRA, following the rejection of the Treaty concluding the Anglo-Irish War ...
Emergency Powers Act

Emergency Powers Act  

(1939).The constitution of Ireland 1937 exempts from constitutional challenge any act stated to be for public safety in time of war or rebellion. An amendment (2 Sept. 1939) extended ...
fifth column

fifth column  

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A group within a country at war who are sympathetic to or working for its enemies.fifth columnist.the term dates from the Spanish Civil War, when Gen. Mola, leading ...
General Henri-Fernand Dentz

General Henri-Fernand Dentz  

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(1881–1945),military governor of Paris in 1940 and, after the fall of France in June 1940, Vichy high commissioner in Syria. He led a mixed military force with considerable success ...
Germans in Australia

Germans in Australia  

Have been part of Australian history from the beginning of British settlement (Governor Phillip and Augustus Alt, the first surveyor, were sons of German fathers). Substantial immigration began in ...
habeas corpus

habeas corpus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A prerogative writ used to challenge the validity of a person's detention, either in official custody (e.g. when held pending deportation or extradition) or in private hands. Deriving from the royal ...
International Committee of the Red Cross

International Committee of the Red Cross  

Founder of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and promoter of the Geneva Conventions for the protection of war victims, the International Committee of the Red Cross endeavors ...
Japanese Canadians

Japanese Canadians  

Japanese immigrants began to arrive in Canada in the late 19th century. Like most pioneers they struggled for survival, but as Asians they also experienced racism. The Japanese experience is ...
Japanese–Australian relations

Japanese–Australian relations  

Have been important to Australia throughout the twentieth century, first because Japan was a threat and later because it was a major economic partner. Trade and other forms of contact ...
Japanese-Americans

Japanese-Americans  

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Overview Page
The war led to profound changes in the status of Japanese-Americans in the USA. For members of the American-born Nisei (second) generation, it brought about a major test of the ...
Konrad Henlein

Konrad Henlein  

(b. 6 May 1898, d. 10 May 1945).Nazi leader of the Sudetenland 1938–45 From the Sudetenland, an area in outer Bohemia inhabited by around three million people of German origin, he founded the ...
MAGIC

MAGIC  

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Was the code name for intelligence intercepts of American origin based on the reading of enemy codes and ciphers. The term came from references to the code-breakers in the American ...
Mauritius

Mauritius  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Was long known to the Arabs. It was discovered by the Portuguese but settled by the Dutch who named it after Maurice of Nassau. The British captured it in 1810 and kept it as their own crown colony. ...
MI5

MI5  

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Overview Page
British security service which in the Second World War, as in the First, shared with MI6 and the Special Branch of the Metropolitan Police the responsibility of evaluating, and advising ...
Mirror

Mirror  

(Sydney)was first published in August 1915 by the Australian Pictorial Newspaper Company as a penny paper featuring war photos. The paper was modelled on the London Mirror, and described ...

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